Varicose veins — causes, symptoms and treatment of varicose veins on the legs

Varicose veins on the legs

In this article we will deal with You, it's an unpleasant disease of the lower extremities, such as varicose veins, as well as its causes, symptoms and treatment of varicose veins, both traditional and folk remedies.

What are varicose veins for the common man? It's fatigue in the legs, maybe with some swelling, lividity, sometimes dark sites veins. Let's see, what is this disease from a medical point of view.

Varicose veins (varices) — expansion and extension of the veins (blood vessels that carry blood to the heart) of the lower limbs with thinning of the venous wall and formation of these knots. Nodes of the same formed due to the pathology of inflammation of the vascular walls, as well as their failure of the valves, due to a genetic defect.

Varicose veins manifests itself in increasing the venous pressure.

Varicose veins happens:

  • of the lower extremities;
  • the stomach and the esophagus;
  • pelvic;
  • testicular torsion and seed cable.

The most frequent site of manifestations of the disease, is varicose veins of the lower extremities, which is today, and will be discussed.

Today varicose veins is one of the most common diseases suffered by every 3rd woman and every 10 man. Props note that most often this disease begins at a young age of 30-40 years.

Female legs in shoes on a heel

The reasons for varicose veins

The main reasons for varicose veins:

  • lifestyle helena work associated with heavy physical exertion, a long stay in one position (standing up helena sitting), helen consistently high temperature environment;
  • a significant increase in body weight;
  • hereditary predisposition;
  • hormonal influences (pregnancy and use of hormonal drugs).

Secondary causes of varicose veins

The obstacles in the outflow of blood in the veins. Such obstacles may be: thrombus, the uterus, swelling of the.

Stress and nervous disorders. Affect the condition of blood vessels. In the wall of the vein is the nerve endings that give them strength. In increasing the pressure in them, the effects of various toxins and alcohol the lumen of the blood vessel loses its tone and dilates.

Blood-venous anastomosis. As the anastomosis may form due to the pressure in the area of the cross-flow of arterial blood cells.

Sports overload. In the risk group of the lovers on the patagate dumbbell in the gym. In the presence of a predisposition to varicose veins congestion the feet excessive exercise and increase the severity of it is prohibited.

Uncomfortable clothes and shoes. Strongly tight clothing such as tight jeans, it can become a cause of occurrence of varicose veins. Also harmful, narrow shoes and high heels. When choosing shoes to give preference with a wide sole, the wider the sole, the less the burden on the feet. Walking and balancing on a thin stiletto, we gave him the veins of a huge load, and if the heels add heavy bags from the grocery store, then the veins not to be envied.

All these reasons contribute to the expansion of veins, increase venous pressure and disruption of the normal work inflammation of the valves. The result is pathological streams of blood in the veins of the lower extremities — the reflux (reverse flow of venous blood from the deep veins in the superficial). They cause worsening of the disease with time, thereby increasing the pressure on the venous system many times.

The correct flow of blood, when blood flows in the veins of the legs from the bottom up, this is achieved with the help of several factors: the pressure of blood from the arteries, reduce the leg muscles during movement and availability in the veins of the valve, which prevents the reverse flow of blood. The inability of these valves to perform its function causes the violation of venous blood flow, which leads to the hyperextension of the veins. Because of this, blood flow becomes chaotic, the blood stagnates in the veins of the lower extremities (especially subcutaneous), pressure on them increases, the walls of blood vessels begin to expand and to become more subtle.

Symptoms of varicose veins

Symptoms of varicose veins are directly linked with the stages of varicose disease.

I and II stage of varicose veins

  • the emergence of inflammation of the designs on the legs, shins and thighs;
  • a feeling of heaviness in the legs and fullness;
  • cramps, especially at night;
  • swelling of the feet, after a hard day;
  • mild pain in the legs;
  • increased fatigue.

III and IV stage of varicose veins

Manifestations of varicose veins
  • swelling;
  • vascular asterisks (telangiectasia);
  • the pain of different nature (hot, throbbing, itching, muscle aches, pain while walking, pain on the go inflammation of the suitcases, general aches and pains around the feet);
  • convoluted, especially long varicose veins, protruding above the surface of the skin of the lower limbs and feet;
  • changes of the skin (the skin becomes dry and appears pigmentation, after the skin of the feet darkens and is covered with brownish spots). Further on, these symptoms may connect to: dermatitis, eczema and trophic disorders in the form of poorly healing wounds when education ulcers.

Relatively rare, but occur symptoms such as bleeding in the rupture of the nodes, which occur most frequently at night.


Complications of varicose veins

When varicose veins symptoms, such as fever helena's weakness, it's possible the disease has reached the stage of complications.

When complications of varicose veins can occur:

  • eczema;
  • skin ulcers;
  • heavy venous bleeding at the slightest wounding;
  • thrombophlebitis;
  • trophic ulcer;
  • phlebothrombosis;
  • bleeding from the varicose knots.

Diagnosis of varicose veins

Upon the occurrence of the symptoms of varicose veins, for violation of the right diagnosis, helena objections need to go to: because, a neurologist, a surgeon.

Procedures for the diagnosis of varicose veins: ultrasound examination (ULTRASONOGRAPHY) helena venography.

Ultrasound examination of the lower extremities

Treatment of varicose veins

How to treat varicose veins? This question corresponds to the doctor after the diagnosis. After all, the only properly raised by the diagnosis increases the positive result of the treatment of varicose veins.

Again, the attending physician may prescribe the following treatment options:

  • treatment treatment of varicose veins (lotion, boban friends, tablets);
  • complex procedures, depending on the symptomology and the degree of development of the disease (below the article);
  • surgical treatment (removal of the affected veins).

Funds from varicose veins

  • Ointments and creams from varicose veins

It acts as a preventive agent and as an auxiliary way to treat the disease in the early stages. Help:

  • reduce the pain;
  • reduce the swelling;
  • to improve the operation of the valve system;
  • raise the tone of the vascular walls;
  • to restore normal blood flow;
  • to prevent the occurrence of complications.
  • Tablet from varicose veins

Pills are prescribed in case, when is the localization of the disorders does not allow to apply the medication topically to helena as a part of complex therapy of varicose veins. Help:

  • improve the tone of blood vessels;
  • to remove the inflammatory process;
  • accelerating blood circulation and lymph flow;
  • to remove violations of the microcirculation.

Procedures for the treatment of varicose veins

Endovenous laser coagulation. The doctor acts on the pain jar the laser and the asterisk disappears. Is performed under local anesthesia. After a few weeks on the skin no reminders about the procedure. Is used to treat varicose veins in the initial stages.

Sclerotherapy. On problem veins syringe are introduced substances, and the affected vienna glued from the inside and cease to function, and the blood starts to not to healthy veins. This procedure is not suitable for all. Her prescribe only in the case that nodes are not too large.

The ozone therapy. Ozone is introduced a small needle in the lumen of the blood vessels and causes its bonding. To achieve a visible effect it is enough only a few treatments. Is used for the removal of spider veins.

Phlebectomy. A surgical procedure in which affected veins are just removed. The second day after surgery you can go home, but still at least a month is necessary to wear special tights helena bandage the leg elastic bandage.

In the course of treatment of varicose veins is recommended to use therapeutic physical training and medical knitwear.

Physiotherapy in varicose veins. Helps relieve heaviness in the legs, normalizes blood circulation and eliminate stagnation of venous blood.

Movement – this is life. If you Have a sedentary job, then try to walk every day. Also recommended cycling and swimming. And this run may have a negative impact on the condition of the veins and health condition of the person.

A few examples of exercises for the legs:

  • sitting on a chair, press your legs together and lower them to the socks, then the heel, then repeat 15-20 times;
  • leaning both hands (at shoulder height) on a wall, become on socks, then on the heel, repeat 20 times;
  • in a standing position on the inhale, lifting your hands up and get up on the socks, on the exhale relax and become on his heel, repeat 20 times;
  • sitting lift above the level of the floor, alternately one and then the other leg, turn the feet and at the ankles in both directions, making small circles, repeat 15-20 times;
  • sitting up on Girls at the same time with both feet, repeat 15-20 times.

Treatment of the knitted fabric. Wearing this underwear helps to improve the condition of the victims lived at the expense of compression to accelerate blood flow and eliminate stagnation of venous blood in the vessels. The wearing of medical clothes can be perceived as an accessory tool in the complex with the designated physician treatment.

Healthy feet

Treatment of varicose veins folk remedies

Important! Before using folk remedies of varicose veins be sure to consult with the attending physician!

Treatment of varicose veins ready herbal fees

The comment of the expert-the phytotherapist: treatment with herbs (phytotherapy) has some noteworthy advantages, such as:

  • phytotherapy removes the causes of disease,
  • herbs have a minimum number of contraindications (usually it is the individual intolerance),
  • herbal treatment has a minimal number of side effects,
  • the herbs have in their composition a large amount of vitamins and other useful substances, which in addition to the treatment of disease, and contribute to the health of the organism as a whole,
  • affordability.

Herbalists offer ready-made solutions, which already take into account the specific composition of the collection, benefits, ranking and so on Courses are designed by experts — doctors, based on their years of experience.

Another folk remedy against varicose veins

Kalanchoe Cirrus. The leaves of kalanchoe Cirrus my and fold in the liter jar (the leaves should be half of the banks). Pour 70% alcohol and insist in a dark place for 14 days. Before use, stir the jar. Every day before bedtime lubricate legs and feet. The pain subsides after the first use. If varices launched, then for the treatment it is necessary to 4 months.

Apples "Antonovka". To 1 l of boiling water cast 3 apples, cover with a lid and put in a warm place for 4 hours. Further, without the apples, cracked them, then mix the solution and strain. Take, adding 1 tablespoons of honey, on polruki (50 g) in the morning before eating and at night before going to bed. The tool also cleanses the blood, improves sleep and appetite.

Potatoes. Clean up 5 potatoes and rub on a grater. The resulting puree rub and spread legs. After 4 hours the pain completely goes away, and then rinse the potatoes with warm water.

The flowers of horse chestnut. 50 g of flowers pour 0.5 liters of alcohol, and allow to stand for 14 days, every day he threw the bottle. Miss the resulting tincture through the mesh and consume to 1 tbsp 3 times daily before meals, washed down with water. Treated week make a break for 2 weeks. Then repeat one more time.

Garlic with oil. Take the garlic with a white husk and mash. Stir him with two pieces of butter. Applies to the various veins at night, from top to put the parchment paper and attach the bandage helena a warm scarf. In the morning rinse and put on the legs and something warm and soft.

Prevention of varicose veins

Barefoot in the grass

As everyone has long known – the disease is better to prevent than to treat. Consider some of the rules of life, that we adhere, it is possible to prevent the occurrence of varicose veins:

  • if you Have a sedentary job, do from time to time a break. You can do in the workplace, there is a special gymnastics. Try more walk;
  • if the work is worth, then vice versa, highlight the time to rest;
  • discard the habits when sitting to throw the foot on the leg, if such you Have;
  • not wear things that are strongly squeezing (for example, strongly tight-fitting jeans, stockings with tight rubber bands. And in general, women in general, it is strictly forbidden to wear a thick tight-fitting pants, because in this case the blood circulation is disturbed in the area of the urogenital system;
  • not wear constantly tight shoes and boots in stilettos (shoes is permitted only rarely – on leave);
  • if you Have constipation, do not leave it on the beam is not displaced laterally because of constipation increases blood pressure, blood circulation in small pelvis;
  • go biking;
  • try not to a lot of swim;
  • during free time, from time to time place your feet on an elevated site (at 15-20 cm above the heart);
  • try to exercise regularly;
  • keep track of your weight;
  • cut in the diet of junk food and sweets, eat more fruits and vegetables, i.e. products fortified with vitamins;
  • throw bad habits (smoking and alcohol);
  • try not to take douches;
  • drink at least 2 liters of water per day, which also keeps You from dehydration of the organism with its uncomfortable symptoms;
  • do not abuse the tan in the sun and in the solarium.

Which doctor to turn to when you varicose veins?

  • Phlebologist.