Varicose veins are one of the most common diseases in the female population. Heaviness in the legs, appearance of spider veins, then the veins become visible to the naked eye. There are many methods for varicose veins in our time, you just need to choose the right one.
What are varicose veins?
Varicose veins are the expansion of the walls of the superficial veins due to venous congestion. As a result, they become sinuous, nodular and saccular, which contradicts their ability to perform their physiological function, which signals the need to select anti-varicose veins.
There are the following reasons for this problem:
- Sitting or standing for a long time.
- Bad way of life.
- Violation of the valve apparatus of blood vessels.
- Liver disease.
- Long-term physical activity (for example, in athletes).
- Uncomfortable shoes or uncomfortable tight pants.
- Hormonal changes (pregnancy, menopause, diabetes).
- Age after 45 years.
- Blood clotting disorder.
The disease develops gradually. At first, a "heavy leg symptom" appears - heaviness in the legs, pain when walking along the veins, swelling, cramps and burns. Simple spider veins gradually appear. Soon phlebitis develops - swelling, nodularity and tortuosity of the superficial veins. If left untreated, spots of pigmentation appear on the skin, the skin becomes shiny, dense, hair is lost - these symptoms indicate dermatitis or eczema formed.
This, at first glance, harmless disease can lead to complications such as trophic ulcer, erysipelas (when infection joins the ulcer), thrombophlebitis, and rupture of the affected vein with subsequent bleeding. It is necessary from the first symptoms to choose a method against varicose veins.
Treatment of varicose veins
Treatment of varicose veins is divided into 2 large groups - therapeutic and surgical.
Therapies for varicose veins are applicable only in the early stages of the disease, and there are also several varieties. One of them is compression therapy - wearing special underwear (stockings, tights, bandages with short and medium elasticity) during the day. This allows you to give extra tone to the enlarged veins and slow the progression of the disease.
Therapeutic gymnastics - walking, swimming, light leg exercises (cycling, raising the toes, flexing and extending the knee and hip joints) will improve microcirculation and massage (pneumomassage and lymphatic drainage) will improve blood circulation. It is a good idea to supplement these methods with diet therapy, which will help you lose excess weight if a person diagnosed with varicose veins has it.
Several groups of drugs are used against varicose veins - they remove inflammation of the affected blood vessels, help restore the tone of the venous wall, improve the properties of blood and normalize microcirculation, and also ensure normal lymphatic drainage.
Against varicose veins on the legs, ointments and gels containing mucopolysaccharide of a polysulfuric acid ester are actively used. They allow you to break up blood clots in the vessels and prevent such a dreadful complication as thromboembolism.
The surgical intervention includes many different techniques, which are selected by the attending physician, depending on the individual parameters of the patient.
Receptions against varicose veins
When the "symptom of heavy legs" appears, it is better to immediately resort to preventive measures that will slow down the process and significantly improve the quality of life:
- Wear special underwear when spider veins appear, especially during pregnancy.
- Therapeutic gymnastics for any occasion, especially with a sedentary lifestyle.
- A contrasting shower on the feet at the end of the day.
- Wear comfortable shoes and clothing.
- Correction of nutrition to reduce weight and prevent constipation.
- Sleep with your legs elevated to improve venous return.
If you follow the preventive measures against varicose veins, you can avoid various complications, surgical procedures, and also keep your veins healthy for many years.