How to carry out a conservative treatment of varicose veins in the legs?

Varicose veins of the lower extremities are a deformation of the surface of the vessels, which is associated with problems with the functioning of venous valves and impaired blood flow. This disease is the most common vascular disease in people of working age.

Find out if conservative treatment of varicose veins in the lower extremities helps to cope with the problem. But first, let's get acquainted with the clinical picture of the pathology.

treatment of varicose veins on the legs

Symptoms of varicose veins

The main signs of varicose veins are the appearance of the following symptoms:

  • heavy legs syndrome, feeling of pain and swelling especially at the end of the day;
  • the presence of capillary asterisks and vascular network;
  • the appearance of veins with a changed shade;
  • protrusion of blood vessels above the level of the skin.

It has been proven that the disease can develop over decades.

In order not to lead to the development of complications, it is important to see a doctor and be examined at the onset of the first symptoms.

Causes of varicose veins

The reasons for the appearance of this problem on the veins are the following factors:

  • heredity in the form of a genetic predisposition to the disease;
  • overweight;
  • wear tight clothes or high-heeled shoes;
  • hormonal imbalance and other diseases;
  • inappropriate diet or addiction dependence;
  • damage in the form of trauma or inflammation in the body;
  • heavy physical exertion on the legs during sports exercises or working processes;
  • sedentary lifestyle or sitting for a long time throughout the day;
  • a large amount of cholesterol deposits in the blood;
  • during pregnancy, when a woman quickly gains extra pounds.

Treatment of varicose veins: medical procedures

Today, there are many known authorized procedures for varicose veins of the lower extremities. Each has their own benefits, but they work best in combination with the use of medication. The doctor has to make the final choice one way or another, only then can serious complications and consequences be avoided.

Treatment is carried out using the following popular and effective procedures:

  • Packaging. A useful and pleasant vein treatment that is as effective at home as it is in the salon. You can buy all the necessary components in pharmacies. In addition to relaxation, the wrap improves well-being and relieves heaviness in the lower limbs;
  • Baths for varicose veins - removes the load on the legs, strengthens blood vessels, relieves swelling and relieves redness. Such treatment of the disease is carried out with the addition of medicinal herbs. The duration of the procedure is 20 minutes. The results will only be noticeable with daily use;
  • Physiotherapy for varicose veins is an effective addition to the general program of therapeutic measures. The procedures are painless and inexpensive, but they can only be performed in medical institutions. During the treatment, the venous wall is strengthened and the work of the valves is considerably improved;
  • The lower limbs are only massaged with the permission of a phlebologist. The procedure relieves fatigue, normalizes blood circulation and eliminates the main signs of the disease. The duration of massage for this disease is 10 minutes.

Conservative treatment of varicose veins: compression therapy

Compression therapy is used not only to combat varicose veins, but also to prevent thrombosis and get rid of lymph nodes. Such a preventive measure is effective for all venous problems, since point pressure is created on the legs. As a result, the work of the valves is partially adjusted, and blood flow is accelerated. The advantage is the use of such treatment in the later stages, when complications are possible. It is important not to stop wearing stockings even after the treatment is finished so that the symptoms do not come back in the future.

Compression stockings - you can buy such clothes in any medical store, where a specialist will help you choose the right size. Compression garments differ in length and strength. On average, these stockings are worn for 6 months, after which they stretch and cease to perform their functions. Treatment of the disease requires constant wearing of stockings during the day.

Pressure dressings - have healing properties on the disease after correct application, only specialists can do this.

Bandages should fit snugly, should not slip off during movement, and should not create discomfort. The advantages of bandages are the following indicators: compression with their help is more effective, the application to the veins does not require any effort, as the doctor does, they can be worn continuously without removing, for a week, s'optimally adapt to the leg, with a decrease in volume, the lower limbs are pulled. . .

The downside is not aesthetics, you have to go to the hospital to apply.

Prevention of varicose veins

Knowing the reasons that lead to the onset of the disease, it is important to adhere to certain rules that will help maintain the health of the veins for a long time.

Consider what you need to do to prevent varicose veins:

  • Daily physical activity. You don't have to go to the gym, just walk up the stairs instead of using the elevator, or take a walk instead of driving. You can cycle on weekends. Swimming will have a good effect on the vessels and also correct the weight;
  • In sedentary work, it is necessary to adjust the periods of activity and rest. To facilitate the flow of blood through the veins, it is recommended that you place your legs on a chair nearby. Move about once an hour for 3 minutes. Good results are shown by discreet gymnastics, which can be performed in a sitting position. Basic exercises are movements from heels to toes or circular movements of the feet;
  • Observe good nutrition, forgo snacks, sandwiches and fatty foods. Strengthen blood vessels by eating foods rich in vitamin C and routinely. It is mandatory to consume at least 1. 5 liters per day. clean water;
  • Uncomfortable shoes or tight clothing should become taboo when preventing disease. Walking in high heels or platform shoes should be rare. For daily travel, the heel height should not exceed 4 cm. ;
  • In case of heredity, it is recommended to carry out annual preventive drug treatments, this should be done even before the onset of venous insufficiency;
  • To prevent varicose veins during pregnancy, it is recommended to wear special compression tights or stockings. It is recommended to wear such underwear from 2 months. pregnancy. If necessary, you can continue to wear it even after the baby is born;
  • It is better to give up bad habits, namely smoking or frequent alcohol consumption. In the first case, there is a clogging of the blood vessels, and in the second - their sudden expansion and narrowing. All this causes disease;
  • For the normal functioning of the venous vessels, it is recommended to perform contrast showers. This will keep the veins in good condition.

As you can see, prevention of varicose veins of the lower extremities is easy to achieve. It is important that all these activities become a daily habit, only in this case it will be possible to stay healthy for a long time.