Vascular сеточки, bulging bloated bumpy vienna – how on the outside it looks like quam varices, they know, probably all. So talk about that at the time of illness is happening inside the vein.
When quam varices elasticity of the veins decreases, and, as a result, they spread. Inside the veins are the original dampers, that regulate blood stream, which goes to the heart from the lower extremities. If these "gates" correctly, then the problem does not arise. In case of failure in their functioning, and develops quam varices. The valves are not closed, preventing the movement of blood to the heart, thus it stagnates in the veins. In a natural way increases the pressure, which pushes blood from the deep thick veins in finer located close to the skin and blood vessels. The system of these veins is not aimed at the malleable as the amount of blood, as a result their walls are just too much of a stretch, but still, and are destroyed.
The result of this process are well visible on the skin, vascular сеточки, which in themselves constitute a serious aesthetic problem. As the disease progresses, the delicate weakened veins become more pronounced, they acquire the characteristic blue color, thicken, and soon on these nodes.
The reasons quam varices
There are many factors in times, that increase the likelihood that a particular person is suffering from quam varices:
- Genetic inheritance from parents or grandparents, who with quam varices, the offspring can "take" of vienna with a special structure (weakness of connective tissue, the imperfection of the valves, etc.); and then without ongoing compliance with the preventive measures, most likely necessarily, sooner or later becomes a patient with a diagnosis of "quam varices on the legs".
- Hormonal fluctuations – often they are subject to women (climax, menstruation, pregnancy, etc.), rather than explains, explicit sexual selectivity of the disease; in addition, the risk of developing quam varices increases and the treatment of hormonal medication – it is scientifically proven that the contained in them female sex hormones and their alternates significantly reduce the flexibility of the inflammation of the vascular walls.
- Nervous disorders, stress, depression – all this reduces the tone of veins, t. strength and elasticity of their walls is governed by exactly the nerve окончаниями.
- Inflammatory diseases of the pelvic organs (which, again, occur more frequently in women) – these processes can lead to гормональному imbalance, but are still capable of damage the small vienna.
- Lack of physical activity in a person's life – due to a long session vienna provocantes, blood circulation is disturbed, gradually decreasing the tone of the inflammation of the vascular walls, and finally, the blood begins to stagnate, and creates quam varices (today at the doctors appeared even a special term – computer quam varices, a large number of patients, the cause of the disease, which has become сидячая work for scintillating screens).
- Excessive physical load to them can be attributed to lifting weights, being overweight, pregnancy, work, associated with long-quam varices; as a result, significantly increases the pressure in the veins, and that it threatens the emergence of quam varices.
- Flat feet.
- In the habit always and everywhere to "bring up" on the wrong high heels.
- Constipation, increasing pressure in the abdominal cavity.
- Injuries and disease.
- Floor – as already mentioned above, the risk of developing quam varices is higher for women.
- The construction of the body – usually from quam varices more likely to suffer from just people with above-average growth.
Symptoms quam varices on the legs
Симптоматика quam varices is characterized by a gradual course of. The obvious symptoms are found, not immediately, in the first stage of the disease is manifested through:</1_img> swelling of the legs, especially after a long search in a sitting position or стоячем position, which, as a rule, pass in the morning – is the first indication that the deep veins are poorly coping with their duties;
- cramps and numbness of the limbs, and especially often this symptom is manifested in the night and in the morning;
- sensations of heaviness, burning, itching and pain in the legs, in particular characteristic for the second half of the day;
- the first visible symptoms – a typical reddish-blue vascular сеточки and star, well visible on the skin.
Upon the occurrence of the first interference signal is not worth the wait with a visit to the doctor. As you know, any disease, the most curable just at early stages. If the same symptoms were ignored and the patient found out that there is a sufficient reason for filing the applications for the qualified help, in the future await him symptoms such as:
- the seal and the darkening of the skin of the lower extremities: while on her appear with spots and flaking;
- veins are painful in the imperium indigentiam;
- significant muscle pain, the intensity of which increases during walking;
- formation protruding above the skin of the lower limbs and feet inflammation of the nodes.
If appropriate treatment will be scheduled and at this stage, the patient inevitably faces serious complications, which will be discussed a little later.
When you need to go to the doctor?
There are symptoms, the appearance of which is an absolute indication for urgent reversal to the doctor. To them include:
- a feeling of weakness in combination with traiecto and a feeling of lack of oxygen;
- strong sharp pain in my leg, whereby the limb is sealed, burning sensation;
- the beginning of the tractus caller fears and suspicions of the plot.
How to give this diagnosis?
Accurate diagnosis can put only a doctor – флеболог or vascular surgeon. Consult an expert, preferably when the first alarming signals of the body. Of course, the first research procedures are examination and survey of the patient. Then, for addition, to confirm the diagnosis and obtain as much information as possible about the nature and severity of the disease may need the following procedures:
- ULTRASOUND examination of the veins – in the process of this study is not only to draw attention to the availability of quam varices, but they are still made conclusions about the direction of the current of the blood, presence of blood clots and tumors it is estimated irradiet, blood vessels;
- контрастная intravaginales – very accurate and informative research methods, the results of which appear the option to the maximum extent possible to evaluate the condition of the veins; under examination by introducing into the body a contrast agent, окрашивающего blood.
How dangerous quam varices?
About quam varices there is an aphorism created by the doctors – "Disease, проявляющаяся on his feet, and стреляющая in the heart." Indeed, this disease is not only an aesthetic problem, доставляющая trouble and снижающая quality of life. In the absence of qualified medical assistance quam varices fraught with serious complications, and up to летального result.So, the consequences quam varices on the legs can be:
- thrombophlebitis – a disease of the is accompanied by the flow of inflammatory processes in the affected veins;
- violation of nutrition of tissues;
- increased pigmentation;
- increased quam varices – dangerous not only for health, but for the life of the complications.
Separately should be said about such often встречающейся "спутнице" quam varices on the legs, how трофическая ulcer. The reason for its existence serves as a permanent venous insufficiency and the increased pressure in the veins. As the sores, as usual, long time to heal, are very difficult to treat and are able to limit the performance of the patient, and even lead to its инвалидизации. Swelling, suffering from excruciating pain, and even an unpleasant odor – all of this makes the life of the patient is very hard. The occurrence of venous leg ulcers in the sufferer quam varices of the person contributing even minor injuries and bruises, which just cannot be avoided. By the way, sometimes (in rare cases) of these lesions перерождаются on a malignant tumor.
Treatment of quam varices on the legs
Treatment of quam varices on the legs depends primarily on the degree of development of the disease. In terms of the initial stages of the disease, when they are not yet established themselves complications and permanent processes, then it is usually used conservative treatment, i.e., treatment without surgery, which may include the following procedures:
- Medical therapy – this is about tablets (venarum, non-steroid anti-anti-inflammatory agents, anticoagulants) as well as on the local flows, i.e. all sorts of angioprotective.
- Compression therapy – wearing a special antiexudativ storage, or, as an option, a multivitamin leg elastic бинтом.
- ovaries – is carried out by using the device's ovaries, activates blood circulation, improves trophism of tissues and, as a result, the unpleasant symptoms quam varices are shrinking and disappearing.
- Sclerotherapy – used in the case where no removal of the affected veins without. Is performed without a surgical scalpel, into a vein a special amputetur flow of blood medicine, as a result of the container gradually atrophies and is lost. This happens quickly, in the course of the year may not need one session, but the effect of sclerotherapy worth it.
- adurere, laser coagulation – one of the most modern methods, is performed under local anesthesia, the result you can judge for over a month.
- Leeches – this is one of the non-traditional methods of treatment quam varices on the legs is based on a special like a leech – when exaruit of the patient's skin and subsequent phlebologist they produce a blood substance ; however, today it is quite possible to do without the leeches – on the shelves in the pharmacies there are many drugs which contain this tool.
Prevention quam varices the enlargement of veins
Special attention to the prevention quam varices on the legs, it is necessary to pay to people from risk groups: those whose relatives suffer from this disease, representatives of certain professions (teachers, hairdressers, etc.), people with overweight, pregnant, etc.
In the first place, it is necessary to lead an active lifestyle. Play sports (swimming, bicycle), prefer hiking "stand-up" trips in public transport, the rise on your floor by stairs, no elevator, etc.
You, who according to his type of activity forced to spend a longer time in a sitting position or стоячем position, it is worth to pay attention to the following recommendations:
- During long periods of standing it is better from time to time from foot to foot, while шевеля toes.
- Office staff, conducting days behind a computer screen, it is regularly recommended to put your feet on the table – in this position significantly improves the outflow of blood from the veins of the lower extremities.
- A small footstool is able to reduce the dangerous pressure; in addition to her very comfortable during prolonged sitting perform basic exercises.
- Is a simple enough exercise, that the regular rise of the toes, contributes to the tension of the muscles of the lower extremities and improves blood flow in the upward direction.
- At least once an hour for 5-10 minutes it is necessary to tear off from the chair and a little flexibility.
Compression underwear is used not only for the treatment of quam varices, but also for its prevention. So for example, if a person has in the family suffers from this disease, in pregnancy, during departure and long journeys by bus or train, in the process of training him to better enjoy the чулками or packing up the leg elastic бинтом.
If the same problem already stated about myself, even the lightest degree, it is necessary to avoid the following:
- intake of oral contraceptives (in their contained hormones, which may worsen the situation);
- wearing shoes with high heels;
- excess weight and obesity;
- eating salty, fatty and spicy food;
- carrying heavy handbags and suitcases (now very popular luggage on wheels);
- hot long baths;
- saunas and spas;
- alcohol abuse, smoking;