In the normal blood flowing in the veins up to the heart and easy because of her help to muscle contraction. But the strength of gravity has not been canceled, it is logical that the liquid one way or another will try to down. So it doesn't happen and the blood flowed just where it should be, in veins there are valves. They will open up in the direction of the blood flow and closing to give it back.
If the valves are badly work and closing is not until the end, blood still dripping down in the veins. The blood vessels can't accommodate all the blood, stretch and start to act above the skin of the hill.
How to recognize varicose veins
Symptoms of varicose veins usually visible to the naked eye. It's a great, swollen veins that are visible under the skin and resemble nodules.
Not everyone in vienna, which can be seen, — the patient. Despite the fact that the disease is prevalent, sometimes visible veins — this is just a function of the organism.
For varicose veins is in addition to external characters, there are other symptoms: pain and feeling of heaviness in the legs.
When the disease progresses and goes into a more severe stage, which are:
- Swelling of the feet or ankles.
- Change the color of the skin over the affected vein.
- Infection of the skin.
- Ulcers. It will appear there, where the veins are overwhelmed by the most. Heals hard.
The doctor (and veins deals with the phlebologist) checks the blood vessels and prescribe to patients ULTRASOUND: using ultrasound can determine what valves do not work, not in the veins of blood clots.
Than dangerous varicose veins
But pain and ulcers are not the main problem. There is another danger, which to the naked eye is not visible. Due to stagnation of blood in the blood vessels of the clot of blood — thick blood clots. They can "stick" on the vessel wall and its lumen and may break away and go with the flow of the blood in other blood vessels, increasing the risk of them clogging. This condition is called thromboembolism. It is very dangerous and can lead even to death.
Why do they appear varicose veins
There is no one cause which would lead to varicose veins. But there are several factors that increase the risk:
- Genetic predisposition. Without the genetics to go anywhere, and if the parents suffer from varicose veins, there is a probability that to get his inheritance.
- Floor. Women suffer from varicose veins more often man. In one of the research varicose veins found in 63% women and 37% of men in Russia.
- Trauma and surgical intervention. Can disrupt the work of the vascular occlusion.
- Overweight. As a result, increases the load on the legs, and this leads to problems.
- Great physical load. Especially dangerous static load. For example, constantly sit or stand a lot of harmful. It is better to move, change the position of the body, to push the work to other muscles.
- Age. The older you get, the weaker the walls of blood vessels.
- Pregnancy. Additional load and changes in the body increase the risk of varicose veins.
Than to treat varicose veins
Basically, the treatment is reduced to reduce the load on the veins and restore blood flow. If the unpleasant symptoms and the threat of formation of blood clots do not, then treatment may be required.
Light exercise, especially walking, — a good way to make the legs work the way they look. Muscles that are constantly interfering when walking, to help pump blood up to the heart, and reduce the stagnant phenomena.
Moderate exercise, it's also the best (and only proven way to is the prevention of varicose veins.
From the manifestations of varicose veins of the great helps to self-massage (along with it, you can use the creams or ointments). The easiest exercise doesn't require the move — just lie down and raise the legs to reduce the swelling.
Compression stockings, which are choking off his feet, physically does not allow the veins to enlarge, and this is one of the main ways of treatment of varicose veins. Worn and with a light form of the disease, and heavy.
The laundry varies according to the force of compression, fit. So before buying, it is better to consult a doctor and consider his recommendations.
Remember: compression underwear is gradually stretched, so it is necessary to throw it out after a few months of wear and buy new ones.
Any medication the doctor prescribes. Sometimes we need the means, which prevents the formation of blood clots, sometimes requires antibiotics for treatment of infections or creams that will help soothe irritated skin.
In some cases, it is indicated by the operation — it is the most effective method. The modern operations, which are performed using a laser, radio frequency methods, or sclerotherapy, they do under local anesthesia.
The importance of these methods is in the fact that the closure of the affected veins. If that doesn't work, the blood finds a solution: go to the heart of the healthy, deep containers, which are rarely prone to varicose veins (they are thicker and stronger, are not so easy to stretch).
Removes the blood vessels today are extremely rare and only in severe cases.
When to consult to the dr
Always, when noticed, vascular mesh, bulging vienna or a strong swelling on the feet. It is necessary to engage in self-medicate. Only tests will help to determine whether it is worth it to go to the pharmacy for compression underwear and drink blood-thinning medications.