Varicose veins on the legs occurs most often of all the species of this pathology. This is due to the upright posture of the person, thereby creating a large load on the lower extremities.
What is the varicose veins and why it occurs?
Varicose disease is called enlargement of the superficial veins, in which there was a violation of the blood flow. The development of the disease is related to the weakness of the venous wall and increase the pressure of blood in the vessels. In expanding the walls of the veins is impaired the normal function of the valve apparatus.
The blood can't sufficiently move up to the heart, and stagnates in the lower extremities. So develops large varicose veins on the legs. The symptoms of the disease are manifested in the appearance of vascular mesh and inflammation of the lymph nodes in the area of the weakened veins.
The causes of varicose veins are very diverse. It is also heredity, being overweight and bad life style and long-lasting physical load on the legs, and pregnancy. Very important is the prevention of varicose veins, it will help you avoid the occurrence of the disease and strengthen blood vessels.
Symptoms and signs of varicose veins veins on the legs
Symptoms of varicose veins of the lower limbs are diverse, it all depends on the stage of the disease. Initially the patient sees no external manifestations, it may bother just fatigue after a day of work, heaviness in the legs. The disease can manifest itself in the development of vascular ok, later appears of venous nodes and becomes visible dilated blood vessels.
At the first manifestations of the disease an urgent need to see a doctor!
In the later stages of the disease the symptoms of varicose veins on the legs is multiplied by, will appear muscle pain and leg swelling, pigmentation of the skin. In more advanced cases develop trophic ulcers and venous bleeding.
Manifestations of the disease in different stages
In the first stage of the disease the symptoms of varicose veins of the legs raised slightly. Can interfere with the severity, and fatigue, in some places on the skin to shine through the vascular mesh or "thread" of vienna.
For the second stage of the disease can interfere with the cramps in the legs, appear external manifestations are enlarged veins, the patient feels pain and heaviness after long-term physical burden.
The third stage of varicose veins the vein is characterized by the advent of significant inflammation of the lymph nodes, pigmentation of the skin, edema of the lower extremities.
The fourth phase is manifested in the form of venous ulcers on the skin, which may bleed and difficult to heal. The patient experiences severe pain and discomfort in the lower extremities.
And if it is not treated?
If you have noticed in yourself the symptoms of varicose leg veins, treatment should be initiated as soon as possible. The lack of the right measures can lead to severe complications, such as thrombophlebitis, bleeding from varicose extended veins, thromboembolism.
A blood clot that formed in the thrombophlebitis, preventing the normal flow of blood, because of what disturbed blood circulation in the tissues. If nothing is done, may appear trophic ulcers – wounds on the skin, that wet and hard to heal.
In any case, you should immediately visit a doctor?
If you have noticed any manifestations of the varicose veins, contact your doctor. Severe pain in the legs, frequent cramps, the appearance of pigmentation and deterioration of the general condition should also be cheerleaders.
After tightening a visit to the phlebologist, a timely appeal to the doctor will help you avoid all the complications and cope with the disease.
The diagnosis of varicose veins on the legs
The most common and effective method of diagnosis of the enlarged veins on the legs, is considered ultrasound. This will help you to determine the exact location of the varicose dilated veins, her kind and degree of disorders.
At the first signs of varicose expansion of wang on his feet, is worth it to immediately go through the entire course of the survey.
In addition, the doctor will prescribe common blood test, which will show the number of red blood cells, hemoglobin, leukocytes and platelets. This will help determine the predisposition to the thrombophlebitis or pointing out the presence of an inflammatory process in vienna.
Find out the stage of the disease is possible using this method as rheovasography – the definition of the failure of the blood to the tissue. In complex and difficult to diagnosed cases resort to surgical studies (e.g. phlebography).
Treatment of varicose veins veins on the legs
There are several ways to treat varicose veins, is decided by the doctor and depends from the stage of the disease and its flow.
- The use of drugs venotonicos and angioprotectors are medications that normalize the structure of the walls of blood vessels and improve blood microcirculation.
- Compression stockings – helps reduce the feelings of pain, increases the tone of blood vessels.
- Treatment of varicose veins with leeches – hirudotherapy, hirudin, contained in the saliva of the leech, reducing the viscosity of the blood and enriches it with useful substances.
- Surgical methods of treatment – phlebectomy, laser coagulation, radiofrequency coagulation, sclerotherapy, help to cope with the problem of varicose vein and remove spider veins.
Prevention of varicose veins
Prevention of varicose veins will help reduce the risk of developing the disease. The right lifestyle and ample, diverse physical activity during the day – the opportunity to keep your veins healthy.
Do not forget about proper nutrition, because being overweight contributes to the development of varicose veins. After a busy day to let your legs rest. Discard the hot practices and habits (nicotine, contained in cigarettes, reduces the tone of blood vessels).
- At the first signs of varicose veins consult a doctor immediately.
- Be especially careful on the blood vessels in the legs during pregnancy.
- If you are at risk of developing varicose veins, to prevent disease during long trips, travel and physical exertion wear compression underwear.
- Arrange the correct mode of work and rest.
- Give up smoking, fatty and gift food, long sitting in one position, to reduce the risk of developing varicose veins.