Know about the stages of varicose veins is very important to make timely start prevention and treatment. Indeed, this may be the first step to maintain the health of the veins. Such feelings as fatigue and heaviness in the legs at the end of the day, known to almost everyone, but only few who connects with varicose veins. And in the meantime, these symptoms can be signs of diseases of the veins.
Immediately note that there are several options for the classification of the stages of varicose veins of the legs. We turn to that, which divides the development of the disease into three phases: phase compensation, the phase subcompensation and the stage of decompensation. Let us consider it in more detail.
Varicose veins: in the initial stage
The initial stage of varicose veins is also called the degree of compensation.
This period can last from several months to several years. The fact is that in the body of the embedded mechanisms that are involved when a violation of the veins, and cancels it. This is the reason why the initial stage of varicose veins is called "phase compensation". But there is also a danger: a person may for a long time to ignore the symptoms of the disease and come at a time when the fight with him, would be very effective.
In this phase, the external symptoms of varicose veins may be absent, but it can manifest itself in the form of spider veins - the predecessors of varicose veins. Patients troubled by heaviness in the legs, feeling of fullness, swelling of the legs in the evening, but they bring a slight discomfort. In general, these symptoms are written off to fatigue at the end of the working day, especially if the profession is associated with prolonged stay on the feet.
If the varicose vein is diagnosed in the initial stage, it is assigned a conservative non-surgical treatment. In particular, to apply various types of sclerotherapy.
What looks like varicose veins in the early stage, it is roughly clear: the external symptoms are not pronounced, the patient is to focus on your health. But on the second stage, which is called the stage of subcompensation, patients usually go to the doctor.
The Sub-compensation stage of the disease when the body can not cope completely with all the negative consequences. The patient begins to not just complain about pain or swelling at the end of a busy day, but and experience the constant discomfort, which prevents the lead a usual way of life. And at this time an appeal to phlebologist simply must.
Veins in this stage become more pronounced and clearly visible. The skin may get darker, cyanotic, shade. At this stage, unpleasant feelings, which the patient said in the initial stage of varicose veins, getting bigger. Swelling, pain, a burning sensation, small cramps in the legs are celebrated only in the evening, but also at night.
In this stage is shown a more serious treatment: laser coagulation, a minimally invasive surgery, make sure is recommended to wear the compression of the knitted fabric.
If varicose veins left untreated...
If patients are not relevant closer to their state, and not to turn on the phlebologist varicose disease passes into the third, the de-compensation phase.
Decompensation of the heart - stage of the disease when the body ceases to cope with its functions as a result of long-term disease. At this point the mechanisms of adaptation and adaptation cease to operate.
The de compensation phase of the varicose veins outflow of blood on the deformed veins seriously disrupted. Consequently they suffer from nutrition of the tissues, they accumulate fluid, can occur trophic ulcers. Veins strongly deformed, possible severe complications in the form of thrombophlebitis.
In this stage, treatment of varicose veins is to be performed urgently, conservative methods again ineffective, therefore, the patients indicated the surgery. In the opposite case, the disease begins to pose a threat to life.
There is an international classification of the stages of varicose veins, which differ from the above. Experts identify seven stages of the disease, which is indicate by the letter S (from the Latin class):
- The C0 - phase, when the visible signs of varicose veins is missing
- C1 - the emergence of spider veins or reticular (small surface) veins
- C2 - visible subcutaneous varicose dilated veins, with a diameter of more than 3 mm
- C3 - stage of varicose veins, which is characterized by the presence of persistent edema
- C4 - the emergence of changes in the skin or leg ulcers
- C5 - establishment of a closed inflammation of the ulcers
- C6 - the emergence of open venous ulcers
And remember: no matter what the classification of the stages of varicose veins to apply the treating physician, the treatment of the disease is the most effective in the early stages.