Such a disease, such as varicose veins, suffer from people of all sexes and ages. Basically, with varicose veins affecting the lower limb. It is known that every third woman troubled because of varicose veins. The reasons are hiding in tight underwear, wear high-heeled shoes, use of hormonal contraceptives, pregnancy. As for the representatives of a strong half, it should be noted that varicose veins on the legs, in men it occurs a little less, every fourth man suffers from it.
What is the varicose veins?
In varicose veins the walls of veins lose their elasticity, the ability to be narrowed down and stretch. The second reason of the disease – violation of the integrity of the inflammation of the valve, thus the pressure in the blood vessels of the lower extremities rises, occurs stagnation of blood.
This disease can affect not only the legs but also other parts of the body. In diseases of the varicose veins on the legs, on different parts of skin of lower limb, in the first place, to the muscles of the lower extremities can be notice swollen wide meandering shallow blood vessels. But important is not only the outer side of the disease, because the most dangerous of its phenomenon – violation of venous blood flow.
Symptoms of varicose veins of the legs in men
If you suddenly seemed that something with veins is not so, it is worth it to hurry to treat them. Before you need to find out what specific symptoms typical for the disease. It allows you to get involved with varicose veins are similar disease.
In the initial stage the following symptoms are observed varicose veins the legs in men:
- heaviness in the legs,
- the rapid emergence of fatigue in the legs,
- swelling after exertion,
- the feeling of swelling of the feet,
- feeling the overflow of the legs with fluid,
- reducing the sensitivity of the skin on the feet,
- itching of the skin,
- the appearance of the vascular network.
With the development of varicose veins in men these symptoms are getting worse and they appear new:
- pain in the legs,
- dermatitis, or eczema,
- veins conspicuously protrude above the skin,
- trophic ulcers,
- outages of individual parts of the skin,
- episodic increase in temperature,
- blockage of blood vessels,
- the spacing of varicose blood vessels.
Than the risk of varicose veins in men? In some cases, the blood thickens, there is a clot. This condition is a consequence of the infection.
If at first the disease brings discomfort only of aesthetic nature (on the feet visible to the venous vascular mesh), then after some time the walls of the veins are still so weak, that at the slightest toxic substances, infection may cause their damage.
Varicose veins in men on feet: causes of disease
Many mistakenly believe that if men are not hatching children wearing studs, and varicose veins are not exposed. Yes, from the point of view of physiology in men really have any problems with your feet. However, not worth it to exclude other risk factors:
- heavy in the physical plan of work;
- carrying and lifting weights;
- wear uncomfortable shoes;
- overweight, leading to increased load on the feet;
- the presence of a genetic predisposition of the character (the male line);
- the lack of movement and sedentary way of life ;
- poor nutrition ;
- harmful habits, in particular consumption of alcohol and smoking ;
- the high viscosity of the blood;
- diseases of the cardiovascular system;
Unfortunately, only a few men aware of the negative sense of the word, which has smoking on the blood vessels. As a result of exposure to nicotine, the walls of blood vessels become less elastic and dwindling, injured control valves on the ships.
As for the alcohol, then it has a negative impact not only on the actual blood vessels, but also on the liver. Under the influence of alcohol are destroyed hepatocytes that leads to development of thrombosis.
Worth even take into account the fact that men are not so sensitive to your health, like the fair sex, and therefore begin to pay attention to a problem too late, when the disease is really taking to the range.
Varicose veins occurs in men at different ages, but most often the first symptoms of varicose veins in men found after 40 years.
Consequences of varicose disease of the legs
So really it is whether it is dangerous varicose veins on the legs, how to talk about it?
The hardest consequences of the unhealthy expansion of veins – ulcers, deep vein thrombosis.
The disease creates an increased load on the heart muscle, which in turn may have a certain importance in the development of cardiovascular disease.
The most common, the most common consequence of this disease is swelling of the ankles, which carries with it the emergence of aching pain in the upper part of the foot. Lack of treatment leads to strengthening of muscle cramps, constant fatigue in the legs, feeling of heaviness.
All the presented symptoms of the disease worsen in those moments when a person performs exercise. But even a change of active work on the seating does not save the situation. Varicose veins are constantly brings discomfort.
Dermatitis — is tough enough a result of varicose veins in men. In the area of the diseased vein the rash appears, you want to clean. It cannot be, because with the time change acne come bleeding ulcers.
The development of thrombophlebitis — this is the most serious consequence of the disease. The formation of blood clots is fraught with fatal consequences as a result of their separation and the fall into the blood vessels of the heart or lungs. Therefore, if there is the slightest signs pointing to the development of this disease, should immediately seek medical help.
For the diagnosis of different techniques can be used, but the most accurate of them – the study of the blood vessels (ULTRASOUND of the veins). It allows you to assess the degree of their defeat.
How to treat varicose veins on the legs in men: conservative treatment
When the detection of the symptoms, clearly shows the varicose veins, heals the disease should be encouraged with a doctor. There are experts who specialise in the treatment of veins. They are better than other doctors know how to treat varicose veins on the legs in men. Each doctor confirms that the treatment of varicose veins on the legs in men in the early stages allows to get rid of the problem.
As additional funding of the treatment the doctors offer to use special creams and ointments, removal of pain, heaviness, swelling. It is also possible, treatment of folk remedies.
Treatment of aids
Experts recommend to men who suffer from the disease, the pressure of the knitted fabric, for example, the special stockings. Those representatives of a strong half, which valued their health, adhere to this recommendation. Others, referring to the fact that such lingerie is feminine, do not wear it, than to aggravate the situation.
It is important to know and understand that external support is very important for the blood vessels. Without it will greatly increase the duration of the treatment. And so, if the operation is performed, then no compression underwear can't do. I'll have to wear I'm sure. But it is necessary to change it to a new every 3-6 months.
As an alternative to compression pants you can use a special elastic bandages. It is advisable to consult with your doctor on the subject of how to properly retract.
We also recommend that you pay attention to the shoes – it should be comfortable and warm, the game of the season, not compress your feet. The feet must feel in her discomfort, including, and with prolonged walking.
The operational methods of treatment
In some cases, is carried out sclerotherapy — treatment of subcutaneous veins using injections. Treatment of the disease in this way assumes the implementation of pre-ultrasonic study, after which in the diseased blood vessels are put in a special medication with a syringe. It should be noted that such manipulation with the deep blood vessels are not carried out. And blood vessels located close to the skin, replaced by connective tissue, which relieves the patient from pain and suffering. In addition, sclerotherapy helps to keep the appearance of the legs.
To the operations resorted to in extreme cases. Without operative surgery can not do, if the patient has severe disease course (wonder located deep blood vessels and the formation of blood clots).
The basic variant of the operative intervention on varicose veins on the legs is phlebectomy. When this operation occurs the removal of part of the affected vessel.
Types of operations for removal of vessels:
The surgery is performed under general anesthesia. It is worth noting that even ten years ago, surgery is considered the most effective way to fight with varicose veins of the legs.
Also for the removal of the affected segment of the vessel to use such methods, such as laser and radiofrequency ablation. In laser treatment, the doctor removes part of the affected vessels with a laser, and radiofrequency ablation – radio waves. Both procedures are performed using the specified in the lumen of the vein catheter.
It is worth noting that operating procedures are without guarantee since the inception of recurrence – are observed in about half of the cases for a period of 5 years. However, at the same time compliance with patient prevention measures reduces the risk of recurrence.
Varicose veins in men: treat at home
It is possible to fight with your leg veins without having to leave home? Possible. You need to constantly perform special exercises. This is not a strong load.
If you suffer from varicose veins, should be swimming, running or at least walking. Practice shows that these sports significantly help in the early stages of the disease.
If it comes to the running stage, even here there is hope of recovery, but need to stick to certain rules, it is necessary to wear special clothes. In neglected varicose veins a number of physical exercise is contraindicated – especially running, jumping, squats. However, walking and especially swimming, and in this case will be useful.
One of the reasons that lead to varicose veins – excess weight. And obesity is dangerous not so much in itself, how much for the other factor, exacerbating the pressure on the feet and the heart. If you suffer from being overweight, then you should go on a diet, to reset it. The basic requirement for diets for the representatives of male gender – its daily energy value should not exceed 1500 Kcal. They should limit the intake of salt, smoked and pickled products. It is recommended to drink useful for vascular natural anticoagulants – juice aronia and sea buckthorn.
Relieve the unpleasant feelings in the legs is recommended several times a day to lift the legs above the heart level in a lying position. The duration of such a procedure – 15 minutes. When the limbs are above head level, the outflow of venous blood. Laze in such a position it is possible to read the book, looking forward to watching movies and so on
And what is most important — if you suspect the disease of varicose veins, do not start to self-medicate. The best thing you can do is seek professional advice phlebologist. Remember that this is a complex disease, whose treatment must be carried out under the supervision of a specialist.
Prevention of the disease
Even if there is a predisposition to varicose veins it is necessary to pay attention to prevention. As an option, can be self-massage of the feet (it is prohibited in the case that the disease has already developed). It is not superfluous will wear a special compression underwear.
People leading a sedentary way of life, it is recommended to frequently change posture, on the spot to carry out short charging. You can only dream of, around the table, or on the spot, do a few rotational exercises. If you have a sedentary job, then each hour it is necessary to make a break for 5-10 minutes, get up from the table and give the feet a rest.
After taking a bath or shower you can pour your feet with cool water. As a precaution, doctors recommend to drink at least two liters of water.
All the men (and more women) definitely give up smoking, excessive use of alcoholic beverages. It is better to give preference to the sport, more likely to attend in the fresh air, walks in the parks, in the woods. And then, you need to try to relive, and not to worry. Stress is one of the factors predisposing to varicose veins. Treacherous varices does not discriminate people according to gender and nationality.