Vascular disease is increasingly affecting young people. Even a few decades ago with varicose veins of the lower extremities to the doctor considered persons, mostly elderly. Now pathology can be detected even in the schoolgirl.
Disease (varices) affects usually the fairer sex. The prerequisites for its occurrence are poor lifestyle, hereditary predisposition, wear uncomfortable shoes and tight clothing, sedentary work. Significant contribution to the development of the disease contribute to pregnancy and subsequent birth. Prevention of varicose veins veins on the legs should be done in all women. The only difference is that the one with the representatives of the beautiful gender will be enough exercise and the next need drug therapy.
This pathology affects the lower container. Varicose veins is a very dangerous disease. It continues for many years and can lead to death. This is the reason why it is so important in the first worrying symptoms consult your doctor. Depending on the stage of the disease, experts prescribe the appropriate medication and the means to combat it. Stage of varicose veins are the following:
- the initial (on the lower extremities are not detected marked changes, however, the patient has little gravity, which appears in the evening);
- the first (manifestation of symptoms is strengthened: swelling, itching in the course of the affected vessel, a burning sensation and pain in the lower limbs);
- the second (lower limbs, partially amazed at vascular asterisks, there and land, to the bulging veins, the symptoms persist);
- the third (leather shin goes through we expect big changes, it becomes darker, arise ulcers and in the control of detected blood clots).
Already at the first sign of the pathology of the patient it is worth it to see a doctor. Men usually is not prescribed for the prevention of varicose veins. All because of the fact that the probability of disease among the representatives of the male sex is very low. Women should care about the health and beauty of their feet.
Prevention of varicose disease
Prevent the development of pathology is possible in several ways. Techniques for the prevention divided into primary and secondary. The first is true then, if not yet rapid development of the disease or discovered in the initial stage of the pathology. Secondary methods are effective in more advanced situations.
It is worth mentioning that prevention is varicose veins veins on the legs is not able to remove the pathology. Presented to your attention methods can only slightly relieve the symptoms and prevent further development of disease. Primary prevention methods include exercise, light exercise, diet and lifestyle. The secondary include the use of drugs, compression of the knitted fabric and folk recipes. Let's see in detail how is performed the prevention of varicose veins veins on the legs.
Regular consultation with a doctor
If you want to protect your feet from such diseases as varicose veins, then the first thing you need to regularly visit the doctor's office phlebologist. The doctor will be able to perform observation of the condition of the blood vessels. Often doctors prescribe ultrasound diagnosis and Doppler. These studies identify altered patterns of lived already in the first stages. It is worth noting that often while the patient is experiencing no symptoms.
The doctor after examination and of the research carried out will be able to choose the most suitable preventive measures. If it is the initial changes in the blood vessels, then such inspections shall be regular. Allow to timely detect the progression of the disease and take appropriate measures.
Maintaining a normal body weight and proper nutrition
Prevention of varicose veins veins on foot includes adhering to proper nutrition. Consumption of food should be rich in vitamins and minerals. The food should contain sufficient amount of fiber. It helps to regulate digestion and a regular chair.
It is worth to say, that in overweight people varicose disease is detected several times more frequently. All due to the fact that the lower limbs creates a powerful load. Already the first symptoms of the disease should induce the patient to change his diet. Consumption of clean water should not be less than one and a half liters a day. Excessive drinking helps to liquefy the blood. This indirectly affect the veins and arteries of the lower extremities.
The right clothes - a pledge of healthy blood vessels
Prevention of varicose veins veins on the legs involves the use of proper clothing. Phlebologists strongly not advise to wear slimming undergarments and clothing. So, the area below the waist must be wearing loose-fitting things. Do not wear tight jeans, and it especially seriously interferes with blood circulation in a small saucepan underestimated waist. Tights and stockings are selected according to the size.
During the day wear only comfortable shoes. According to the occasion it is worth it to give up heels and narrow shoes. Heel lift should not exceed 3-4 cm. If it is necessary in the model of the bot, then try to spend in it all day. Regularly take off your shoes and let your feet rest. When the occupancy during the day to the flexion of the feet and simple exercises, which will be presented at your attention below.
A sedentary way of life – a direct path to varicose veins
Remedy for varicose veins may be different. But it will not help you if you don't change your lifestyle. Discard from the constant sitting. During such a provision, the blood in the lower extremities has been stagnant. Available valves begin to work on the wear. This leads to their damage and enlargement of the blood vessels. Worse is the situation when you put your foot through the foot or latesco one limb. In this case, the blood is simply sealed in a container. She can't just get out, but not pumped into him.
Certainly, for the prevention of varicose disease is not worth it to change jobs and give up favorite activities. However, try to move more. If you already have the prerequisites to the development of disease, then every hour for ten minutes, it is necessary to hiking and preventive exercises. After returning home, are placed on each side of the leg above the level of the body. In this state it is worth it to stay not less than fifteen minutes. It is then possible to do the housework, and at the same time comply with the basic exercises.
Compression underwear for varicose veins
An excellent means of prevention are those stockings or tights. However, they should not be normal. Compression underwear for varicose veins must be indicated by the doctor. This is the reason, the specialist determines what degree of elasticity will work in this case. Tights and stockings from varicose veins can be of several kinds. We all have a different pressure on certain parts of the feet. So, an easy degree of compression affects exclusively the ankle. The higher the value of the variety of this lingerie, the greater the therapeutic effect it has.
The first degree of compression
Data stockings from varicose veins appointed in the preventive purposes. They have relatively little pressure on the ankle, which is in the range of from 18 to 21 mm hg.
The main story is for this kind of prevention are heaviness in the legs, burning on the road of pathological blood vessels, as well as a small swelling, which in the evening. Also, the product can be used in a water landing seated lifestyle. Often stockings the first stage of compression are assigned to the staff of the store and other employees. These people are forced to long to spend in one and the same position, come into group of risk.
The second class
Stockings for prevention of varicose veins second degree of compression is often prescribed after treatment. While this pathology could be adjusted to surgically or minimally invasive methods. Often a second degree of compression is assigned to women for the prevention of varicose veins during pregnancy and childbirth. When this wearing of stockings and tights can be nonstop.
It is worth mentioning that the second stage of compression has a pressure from 25 to 32 millimeters of mercury (mmhg). In the selection of goods it is necessary to properly determine the size. This is the reason why it is worth it to ask for help to a specialist.
The third and fourth class
These types of compression clothes are preventive, and has a therapeutic character. His name is in the most difficult situations - in the elephantiasis of the legs, ulcers, and in case of impossibility of execution of the surgical treatment.
The third class of compression underwear has a pressure of from 36 to 46 mm hg. At this, he pulls not only the ankle and calf, but also the land, which is located on the side. The fourth level of compression provides a pressure is higher than 59 millimeters. It is the product of a fairly rarely occurs in the free sale. Usually it must get a prescription at the pharmacy.
Medication for oral
Cure for varicose veins can be tableted form. These drugs contribute to the strengthening of the walls of blood vessels. Also have anti-inflammatory effects on veins. Pain, swelling, cramps and itching often held after the course the use of these funds. It is worth noting that some of the medication thins the blood. This should be considered when choosing a drug.
All medicines for oral should be prescribed by the doctor. Each patient individually selected dosage of the drug and the rate on his income. Some medicines can be taken during pregnancy. However, when breastfeeding carry out such prevention is prohibited. All tablets drugs are divided into several groups:
- Antioxidants. Contribute to the cleansing of the body, including veins, from toxins and waste substances.
- Antiplatelet agents and anticoagulants. Thins the blood and contribute to the improvement of its composition.
- Phlebotonics. They strengthen venous walls, eliminate swelling and prevent the inflammatory process.
All drugs have their contraindications and limitations. Before using these or other means, it is necessary to consult with your doctor. In some cases, for prevention is hereby appointed several drugs. In this case the complex therapy produces a more pronounced positive effect.
Resources for local application
Cream from varicose veins also can be used in the interest of prevention. Often, these drugs are prescribed together with a compression Jersey. It is worth mentioning that these products are safer, than capsules and tablets. However, when expressed symptoms of the varicose disease may be powerless. Every cream from varicose veins there must be fitted a light friction movements. In this direction should be from the bottom up. Many formulations require repeated application during the day. It can be very convenient.
The effect of such a prevention can be visible to all. Drugs listed show a positive result, while the use of oral medications.
Exercise for the prevention of varicose disease
Normal flexion of the foot, can be a good prevention of varicose disease of the lower extremities. However, all exercises should be selected properly. To execute them just regularly. Only in this case will be adopted the effect of manipulation. If you have already started varices, evaluation of the doctors have to say about the effectiveness of a comprehensive repair. In this case, it is necessary to use compression underwear together with retroviral treatment. Exercise also will bring many benefits.
Well-trained muscles of the legs and has a preventive effect of regular running. When it is, you don't need to develop more speed. Just run for your pleasure. If you want to exercise can be done at home. For this, you will need a belt.
An alternative to the run can be a high lifting of the knees. Don't stay in one place, hands on his belt. Alternately lifting one and the other leg so that the knee formed an angle of 90 degrees.
Rise on socks
To the prevention of varicose veins has proven to be effective, this exercise must necessarily be include in the exercise. Stand exactly, feet must stand firmly on the floor. Slowly we climb up on the sock so that the heel away from the floor to three inches. Then slowly return to the starting position.
This exercise can be performed even in the workplace. For one approach, you must commit to 10 strokes. Throughout the day you can do 5 to 10 approaches.
"The wheel" or the exercise, exchange
A good prevention of varicose veins, it is round. If you do not have the means of transport or there is not enough time for such walks, then simply do the following exercises.
Settle on a hard and flat surface, lift your legs up. The palm rest in the floor. Start to perform a circular movement of the foot as you spin the pedals. Duration of such exercises can range from three to five minutes. During the day you can do several approaches.
Treatment pathology and subsequent prevention
Varicose disease cannot be removed preventive actions. Even drugs do not give a long therapeutic effect. Currently, the most effective ways to address varicose veins are laser correction, blockage and surgery. After the treatment it is necessary my entire life deal with the prevention of varicose disease. In the opposite case, the pathology may affect the healthy veins.
Remember that the sooner you contact a specialist, the less will be the need of forces and means for struggle with varicose veins of the lower extremities. Follow your doctor's recommendations and adhere to all assigned preventive action.
The health of you, and let your feet be always beautiful!