Varicose veins on the legs in women: symptoms, causes and treatment

Hello, today we will talk about the threat, which often haunts even the younger women, and men prowling the sidelines. Varicose veins on the legs in women – is an insidious disease. It is important to recognize in the beginning, when the symptoms easily succumb to the therapy.

varicose veins on the legs in women

In article I will describe how to understand that you are okay with the veins, what causes the disease, who are in the risk zone. And also to learn how to eat better, to varicose veins are not progressed, and most importantly – explain how to treat varicose veins on the legs in women.

Symptoms of varicose veins

Often women skip the first symptoms of the disease, writing off the malaise on an uncomfortable shoes, heels and heat. But the important notice on the first "bells" and in time to start treatment.

Among the main symptoms of varicose veins of the lower extremities can be distinguished:

  • Swelling of the feet and legs. And swell can both legs at once, or separately.
  • Burning sensation and fullness in the calves.
  • The formation of shallow mesh veins on the legs. The most eye-catching is her, if there is skin on legs thin and bright.
  • "Asterisk" and pigmentation on the lower extremities.
  • Spasms of the muscles of the legs, especially at night.
  • A feeling of heaviness in the legs, especially toward evening.
  • Veins on the legs are visible to the naked eye. They gain a view of the winding convex ropes with packages.
  • The inner surface of the calf becomes thick, the skin on her – shiny, and the hair in that place can fall out.
  • Bruising and pain a long time to heal. From the slightest injuries appear bruises. May arise ulcers on the lower extremities.
  • Soreness of veins in palpation.

After physical exertion or after a long stay on the feet, the symptoms of the disease worsen. Do not pull with treatment, if you find yourself in possession of at least two traces of the disease. In the photo below you can see, the usual for all nodes and veins. I think you once saw, this swollen image on the feet of the beautiful half of humanity.

Varicose veins – it is a serious disease that can cause blockage of the veins and formation of blood clots. Therefore, it is important to know how dangerous varicose veins, and in time begin to heal.

Complications of varicose veins

If the disease is not treated, you may encounter the following complications:

  • Venous insufficiency of the lower extremities.
  • Thrombosis.
  • Thrombophlebitis.
  • Trophic ulcer.
  • Bleeding.
  • Gangrene.

I don't want to bully you, dear readers, but if the varicose disease of the legs grew into a thrombophlebitis or thrombosis, there is a risk of a deadly outcome if a clot suddenly take off, and the blood of the bottom, will fall into the heart. Therefore, it is important to know why they appear varicose veins of both women and men, to deal with its prevention.

The causes of varicose veins

The culprits started having problems with the blood vessels of the legs can be both hereditary factors and related lifestyle disease. Let's see what happens, large varicose veins read more.

Varicose veins on the legs may cause:

  • Genetic predisposition.
  • Hormonal disorders.
  • Pregnancy.
  • Work predominantly in a sitting position or standing up.
  • Overweight.
  • Physical inactivity, lack of load.
  • Excessive physical load on the legs.
  • Elevated harmful cholesterol.
  • High levels of glucose in the blood.
  • Harmful habits.
  • Excessive drinking of beverages containing caffeine.
  • Incorrect nutrition, and the obsession of fatty and high-calorie food, fast food.

Lifestyle can have an influence on the development of the disease. The point is that the longer you stay in a static situation, whether standing up or sitting down, causes stagnation of blood circulation in the lower extremities. Why it is so important to take breaks, exercise, and exercise regularly.

Also the obsession with the narrow heel shoes, inappropriate underwear can contribute to the onset of the illness. Prevention of varicose veins, although there are hereditary factors, should be in the correct lifestyle, full of nutrition and possible charging of physical activity. We all know that bad habits contribute to health, including blood vessels.

Varicose veins in the future moms

A separate mention deserves the varicose veins in pregnancy. The problem is that the future moms get to the special zone of risk. Because the initial symptoms of diseases of the veins can manifest themselves even at such a young age. Why is waiting for a child can cause problems with the blood vessels on the legs?

symptoms of varicose veins
  • At the late stage of pregnancy, which is the outflow of blood in the veins due to intra-abdominal pressure. Simply put, increased in sizes belly pushing on the blood vessels.
  • During pregnancy changes the hormonal status of the women. Some hormones have an impact on the stagnation of the blood, increases the extensibility of the walls of blood vessels.

Fortunately, problems with the veins of the legs can leave immediately after the birth of a child. But in many cases, if there are genetic factors or other adverse conditions, the disease may begin to progress. If the doctor recommended to use special compression underwear, listen to his advice.

How to treat varicose veins

Once it is installed, the diagnosis, the doctor usually prescribes a treatment. At the first signs of illness you can purchase in the pharmacy or on the internet special ointments or creams.

But at the severe stage of the disease it is important to choose the correct therapy. Varicose veins disease today is treated both by external methods, so even using a tablet. In severe symptoms shown surgical treatment, sclerotherapy, laser treatment.

Any therapy is aimed at prevention of complications, reduction of painful symptoms, the elimination of edema, improvement of blood circulation in the blood vessels of the lower extremities. To maintain the effect, the doctor will prescribe a compression garment and special gymnastics.

Most often the first doctor to prescribe the pills and ointments. Ointments have different ingredients and are designed primarily to solve the following problems:

  • Removes the weakness of the vascular walls of blood vessels.
  • Prevent the formation of blood clots.
  • Normalize the work of the valves of the venous system.
  • Reduce pain and swelling.
  • The skin after shaving heals trophic ulcers.
  • Prevent the education of spider veins.

When using ointments and gels is the most important thing – the regularity. But sometimes it happens that a pharmacological treatment can not be avoided. It may appoint as in the early stages of the disease, and after surgery.

What effect have the tablets from varicose veins

  • Reduce the broken blood circulation in the lower extremities.
  • Strengthen the walls of blood vessels.
  • Reduce the inflammatory phenomena.
  • Normalize the blood path in the legs.

But how strong is no cure, however, severe disorders of blood circulation in the lower extremities can be inefficient. Well managed with laser treatment, and also surgical treatment. But this therapy is prescribed only by a doctor. It is important to note that after the removal of the nodules and veins, it is necessary to do everything possible for it to healthy blood vessels, again, had no influence on the disease.

How to properly eat with varicose veins

What treatment would you have not been allocated, it is important to stick to a certain diet in violation of venous circulation. Special foods will not only help you to avoid this dreaded disease, but also prevent complications.

Nutrition in varicose veins assumes compliance with the following rules:

  • Eat more vegetables, especially raw. Vitamins and trace elements not only strengthen the blood vessels, but also cleansed from their bad cholesterol. Vegetables are rich in fiber, so don't forget to include in your daily diet.
  • Or drink apple cider vinegar. A day is necessary to drink 2 to 4 tablespoons of apple cider vinegar. Pre-spread 2 tablespoons of the product in water and take 1-2 times a day. Use only apple cider vinegar, do not mix!
  • Every day eat fruit and berries. In the winter – dried fruits. Bio-flavonoids, which are rich in these gifts of nature, contribute to the health of blood vessels.
  • Include in the diet walnuts and legumes.
  • Regularly eat seafood.
  • Germ of cereals also favorably acts on the blood vessels.
  • Do not forget the high quality vegetable oils. In particular, olive, pumpkin, flaxseed.
  • Limit or eliminate fried, smoked and too spicy foods and dishes.
  • Greasy food also does not multiply the health of the containers.
  • Salty food should also exclude, just as the swelling will only worsen the situation.
  • Alcohol and large amounts of caffeine, when varicose veins are contraindicated.

The abundance in the diet of fresh vegetables and fruits prevents constipation, what is important for good blood circulation. Also in diseases of the veins, it is important to adjust the weight. Obesity causes complications with blood vessels. So a balanced diet normalizes weight and general condition of the veins.

What are the contraindications in diseases of the veins

treatment of varicose veins

As with any disease, the varicose veins have their limitations. If you have problems with leg veins try to take into account the following points:

  • Some time after giving birth can not take hormonal contraception. They affect the clotting of blood.
  • You cannot do anti-cellulite massage, including the vacuum and the honeymoon.
  • Avoid lifting weights.
  • Do not wear heels above 4 see
  • Narrowing, slimming underwear and clothing – under the ban.
  • Sitting leg to leg.
  • It is prohibited to wax removal of skin growths with heated skin.
  • Do not visit a sauna, a steam bath and a solarium.