Varicose veins on the legs in men — this is a common pathology, which is accompanied by the reaction of enlargement of the veins of the blood vessels in the lower extremities. This violation by the representatives of the stronger sex occurs less often than in women. This is mainly related to differences in hormonal background, which is observed in the course of life. Many men take the first manifestations of varicose veins on the legs for a minor cosmetic flaw, so they get on reception to the expert in the later stages of the defective process.
Physical factors for development of varicose veins on the legs in men less than in women. Representatives of the stronger sex to walk in high heels, is not the hatching of the children and suffers from a constantly changing lifelong hormonal background. From the lack of influence of these unfavorable factors only in 15-20 % of men is observed the development of varicose veins.
However, the anatomy of the veins of the lower extremities leads to stagnation of blood, because her drawing is carried out using a complex mechanism, which involves the pressure, the circulatory system, special valves and reduce the large muscle. The influence of adverse factors leads to disruption of the work of the vascular system of the legs. To create conditions for the development of an unhealthy condition in men can:
- age-related changes;
- intake of hormonal drugs;
- the lack of the necessary physical exertion;
- lifting weights;
- increased level of cholesterol in the blood;
- an unbalanced diet;
- injuries of the limbs;
- the abuse of alcohol.
In rare cases enlargement of the diameter of the blood vessels of the lower extremities is the result of training a large tumor in his abdominal cavity. When examining the family history of the man who suffer from varicose veins, was discovered more cases of this defective condition, so do not rule out the possibility of a hereditary disposition.
Symptoms of varicose veins in men
This violation differs a prolonged period of attack symptomatic manifestations. Varicose veins of the vein wall may be overwhelmed by how right and left limb, but in the majority of cases occurred two-sided pathology, although the degree of severity of its signs on the limbs may be different.
First appear significant vascular mesh on the skin cover. As vascular asterisks is gradually increasing in size and are numerous. Often the appearance of more pronounced venous mesh on the skin of the feet remains unnoticed by the man. In addition, already in the early stages of the development of varicose veins of man may interfere with the following symptoms:
- heaviness and pain in the legs after a long stay in a standing position;
- swelling of the extremities;
- pain around the state of rest;
- night cramps;
- cold limbs;
- the feeling of chills on the skin.
In the absence of the directional treatment of the symptoms of varicose veins getting bigger. Skin veil on the varicose veins in men begin to be covered by pigment spots. In the area of shins start to heavily peel. There is a gradual thinning of all layers of the epidermis.
Skin veils the legs first, gaining an unnatural pallor, and then they are blue or purple. Venous walls dilate. In the later stages of the defective process is clearly noticeable bumpy varicose corners. Protrude above the surface of the skin.
In the last stages of this disease in men is well visible manifestations of venous leg changes in skin sheets due to the violation of their oxygen supply and the necessary useful substances.
How to treat
For the determination of the accurate diagnosis and determination of therapy it is necessary to get consultation of the vascular surgeon or phlebologist. Necessarily is done by examination of the veins of the lower extremities, pelvic organs, and testes. Therapy varicose veins in men can be as conservative, so operating techniques. It depends on the stage, upon which was revealed the pathology.
In the early stages of the development of varicose veins treatment involves the wearing of compression underwear, performing exercises, physiotherapy, and the use of special drugs. Benefit can bring, and some folk remedies. In severe cases without surgery can not do.
To surgically intervention resort, when conservative therapy does not improve the condition. How to get rid of dilated veins, men may be offered the following types of minimally invasive operations:
- laser coagulation;
- radio frequency impact;
After these surgical interventions the patient is rapidly recovering. The type of operative intervention of the vascular surgeon determined individually for each patient.
Preparations based on plants, it is possible to use only on the advice of the attending physician. A good effect is achieved in the application of tincture of horse chestnut at the men.
For the preparation of this drug should be about 5 century la sandpapers the fruit of the plant pour 1 cup of vodka. The composition of the need to move into a jar of dark glass and last for a period of 1 week. The finished composition is to be used for drying the affected areas.
Contribute to the removal of spider veins may compresses on the basis of the juice of kalanchoe. Put them for 30 minutes.
In most cases, men they get on reception to the doctor already in the later stages of varicose veins. It increases the risk of complications. Dilated veins often become inflamed, it becomes a cause of phlebitis. In addition, it is a morbid condition can trigger the formation of thrombosis.
The formation of blood clots in the lumen of the blood vessels of the lower extremities represents a danger to the life of men. Lead a clot can become a cause of thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery and the deadly result. In addition, in the later stages of the development of varicose veins in men, in most cases the disease is complicated by trophic ulcers, which are very difficult to treat.
With the progression of the varicose veins observed muscle atrophy and a reduction in the thickness of the skin sheets. Due to the violation of nutrition of tissues, no abrasions, scratches and bruises are healing longer period of time and often become the cause of venous leg ulcers. In the healing of similar departments remain expressed foci of infiltration, scars and other flaws.
The pain for men to acquire a chronic nature, and therefore, even a short hiking are difficult. In addition, often are varicose veins blood vessels of the lower limbs thrown on the groin area and pelvic. A frequent consequence is a varicocele, i.e. the enlargement of the veins the key rope. When this pathology in men problems with potency. The disease may become a cause of infertility.
Prevention of varicose veins
For the avoidance of slaughter of the veins on the legs, man it is worth it to stick to some rules. First of all it is necessary to carefully monitor consumption and prevent the onset of obesity. In the diet it is necessary to enter in large quantities of vegetables, herbs, fruits, lean meat and fish. This will reduce the risk of developing cholesterol plaque and worsening of the condition of the blood vessels of the lower extremities.
It is necessary to avoid alcohol and get rid of other bad habits, including Smoking. To prevent an increase in pressure in the veins and arteries of the feet is necessary to give up weight lifting and physical overstrain. It is advisable every day to take a contrast shower and do trays for feet on the basis of medicinal herbs.
If a person has no contraindications, it is possible in the preventive purposes after consultation with a doctor to apply drugs that have a toning and firming action. It is necessary responsibly to behave to the choice of footwear. Must be made of natural materials and access to the internet.
From the constant wearing of tight fitting clothing is to be rejected. It is necessary to perform special exercises that could eliminate the stagnation of blood in the lower extremities. In the prophylactic purposes may be advised to wear compression underwear.