Varicose veins of the genitals

Varicose veins of the genitals can form in both men and women. Among the fair sex, pregnant women often suffer. Genital varicose veins are caused by circulatory disorders in the pelvic area. Manifestations of the disease bring discomfort in the way of life.

If varicose veins in an intimate place were detected at an early stage of development, there is a good chance of avoiding the complications and consequences of the pathology.

Causes of occurrence

Genital varicose veins occur in men for a variety of reasons.

  1. The hereditary factor plays an important role. People whose relatives suffer from varicose veins on the genitals should pay attention to preventive measures. This will reduce the risk of unpleasant pathology. The healthcare professional is aware of a similar illness in relatives in the past. Certain medications can trigger varicose veins.
  2. Varicose veins on the genitals often occur due to the bad habits of the patient. A large percentage of the population of the Russian Federation has such a bad habit as smoking. Every smoker knows the damage done to the body. Group C vitamins are responsible for the strength of the venous walls, nicotine destroys substances and increases the risk of varicose veins in the genitals and other parts of the body. The longer a person smokes, the higher the likelihood of developing pathology.
  3. The likelihood of genital varicose veins is greatly increased with alcohol abuse. Due to the effect of alcohol, inflammatory processes begin in the tissues of the veins.
  4. Varicose veins can be caused by an improper lifestyle. If a person spends most of the day sitting or standing, it greatly increases the risk of illness. For a few days, varicose veins will not occur, but if the situation is repeated for several years, then the cause of the onset of the disease may be precisely this.
  5. Often varicose veins on the genitals appear in pregnant women. Medical experts attribute this to hormonal disturbances in the body. Several hormonal components are responsible for keeping the veins in good condition. Often varicose veins on the lips appear during puberty, which is also explained by hormonal imbalances.
  6. Varicose veins of the genitals often occur in overweight people. If a person has a tendency to obesity, then he should remember that with the increase in weight, the load on the body, including the pelvic organs, also increases.

In men, varicose veins on the genitals can be associated with a number of reasons.

  1. Promiscuous sex.
  2. The use of drugs for erection.
  3. Damage to the reproductive and urinary system.


The clinical manifestations of the pathology in men and women are different. Symptoms of varicose veins of the genitals in women are as follows.

  • An increase in the veins is possible, a large number of intertwined nodules appear.
  • In the perineum, the skin becomes dry, irritable.
  • In the groin area there is a feeling of itching, painful sensations.
  • A burning sensation is possible.
  • Swelling of the genitals.
  • Dysuric disorders.

During intercourse, the clinical manifestations described above in a woman are exacerbated, and the discomfort also increases during physical exertion or after using the toilet. In most cases, the patient complains of painful sensations of a painful nature in the perineal region. Due to constant discomfort, the psychological health of the patient suffers, she becomes irritable.

At the initial stage of the development of the disease there is no discomfort; the presence of disease can be guessed by small nodules in the genital area. Over time, their size begins to increase, and other symptoms gradually develop. Neoplasms interfere with sexual activity, human movements.

Another tell-tale sign of varicose veins of the genitals is pigmentation of the skin in the perineal area. On palpation, we feel the presence of venous nodules which get bigger over time.

In the male half of the population, the disease is often accompanied by varicocele, and the venous ducts of the testes dilate. At the initial stage of development of pathology, blood circulation is disturbed, over time blood begins to accumulate, which leads to an increase in the genitals.

Infertility is one of the most serious complications of genital varicose veins. One of the surest signs of varicose veins in the reproductive system is the painful sensation during sex. There are enlarged venous ducts on the genitals.


The earlier the treatment of the pathology is started, the lower the risk of complications. Genital varicose veins are dangerous as follows.

  • There is a risk of infertility.
  • The appearance of inflammatory processes in the genital organ.
  • Damage to mental health due to discomfort.

The disease can cause disturbances in the functioning of the reproductive system; in the process of carrying a fetus to a mother with genital varicose veins, difficulties may arise.

The possibility of infertility is explained by the fact that inflammation during the development of the disease can reach the tissues of the genital organ itself. As a result, ulcers begin to form. In such a situation, specialist doctors perform surgery, conservative methods will be ineffective.

If the patient ignores the clinical manifestations of the disease and does not seek the advice of a specialist doctor for a long time, his flora is disturbed. As a result, infectious and fungal inflammations begin. This complicates the subsequent diagnosis.

Processing methods

When contacting a specialist doctor, the patient undergoes diagnostic procedures, performs a blood test. Most often, conservative methods of combating the disease are used. The attending physician recommends the purchase of compression underwear, prescribes medicinal ointments with an anesthetic and prescribes a number of drugs.

In some cases, sclerotherapy is necessary. This is an injection technique with which you can get rid of damaged veins. The affected area is cooled in air, after which a medicinal solution is injected, which leads to narrowing of the veins and normalization of blood flow. 6 minutes after the injection, the affected areas are squeezed on both sides.

Sclerotherapy is one of the effective methods of treating genital varicose veins, it prevents the formation of blood clots in the future.


The level of medicine does not allow to get rid of varicose veins of the genitals. Consultation of a specialist doctor is allowed to quickly improve the condition and eliminate the clinical manifestations of the pathology.

At the end of treatment, the patient should engage in the prevention of pathology, this will reduce the risk of relapse.

  • If a hereditary factor is present, then it is recommended to abandon hormonal drugs. This includes contraceptives.
  • Pregnancy can lead to complications if a woman has a high risk of developing genital varicose veins. During the gestation period, hormonal changes occur in the body. As a result, there may be a lack of hormones that keep the veins in good condition. For this reason, at the time of pregnancy, the risk of the formation of genital varicose veins increases significantly.
  • It is important that adolescents inform in advance about the possible serious consequences of early sexual activity.
  • Medical experts strongly recommend quitting smoking and alcohol abuse. A lot of methods and ways to give up bad habits have been developed.
  • Doctors advise to pay special attention to the fight against overweight. Obesity is not just caused by overeating. It will not be possible to overcome the pathology until the patient gets rid of the extra pounds.

The modern level of medicine allows you to cope with the clinical manifestations of genital varicose veins. There are many painless ways to fix the problem.

It is enough for the patient to consult a specialist doctor at the onset of the first symptoms of the disease. This will simplify the treatment process and avoid complications.