There are primary and secondary varicose veins of the lower limbs. The secondary develops as a result of injuries, tumors, etc. , when the venous system cannot fully perform its functions.
Primary develops due to weakness of the vein wall. Causes that contribute to the development of varicose veins of the lower limbs:
- Hormonal imbalance;
- heavy static loads;
- work associated with prolonged standing (for example, hairdressers, salespeople, waiters);
- sitting in the wrong position, especially cross-legged;
- high heel shoes;
- sedentary lifestyle.
All these factors contribute to the deterioration of the outflow of blood from the lower extremities, which leads to the overflow, expansion and stagnation of blood from the superficial veins. Heredity plays an important role in the development of the disease.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - symptoms
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are accompanied by such signs:
- swelling of the legs at the end of the working day;
- feeling of heaviness in the legs;
- cramps in the calf muscles mainly at night;
- pain, burning sensation in the legs;
- spider veins on the legs;
- formation of trophic ulcers.
Spider veins are small red-blue nodules on the skin that can be seen on the legs at the very beginning of the disease. Often, varicose veins of the lower extremities during pregnancy cause special discomfort.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - stages
There are several stages in the development of the disease:
- compensation - spider veins and tortuous veins appear on the legs, no complaints
- undercompensation - there are complaints of swelling, cramps of the calf muscles, a feeling of heaviness, fatigue in the legs, pronounced dilated veins are visually determined
- decompensation - dermatitis, small hemorrhages are added, the skin becomes dense, dry, easily injured, age spots appear
The earlier the disease is detected, the easier it is to treat.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - diagnosis
For an accurate diagnosis of the disease, you need to consult a doctor. Vascular surgery treats varicose veins of the lower limbs. To establish a diagnosis, in addition to complaints and visual examination, it is necessary to apply special research methods.
Duplex angiography is considered the gold standard. This method combines ultrasound and Doppler. Thus, it is possible to see the state of the vascular wall in real time and to evaluate the speed of blood flow in the venous system of the lower limbs.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - complications
If there are varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment should begin earlier, otherwise the disease will progress, which will lead to serious complications. Stagnation of blood in the veins contributes to the formation of blood clots, phlebothrombosis develops, and if the vein also becomes inflamed, thrombophlebitis.
Blood clots formed at any time can break loose from their place and enter the bloodstream. In this case, the thrombus enters the veins of the lungs, clogging them. At the same time, a person can die of suffocation even before an ambulance arrives, since such a formidable complication is extremely difficult to treat even in a specialized hospital, and there is very little time left to save a life.
In addition, due to blood stagnation, the nutrition of the lower extremities is disturbed. Deep trophic ulcers form on the skin, which do not heal well and tend to spread. This can lead to amputation of a limb.
Since the complications of varicose veins of the lower extremities are not at all harmless, it is necessary to contact a qualified specialist as soon as possible. Only a doctor can prescribe effective treatment and help to avoid complications.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - how to treat with ointments
In the pharmacy you can find a huge amount of ointments for varicose veins of the lower extremities. They are based on substances that improve tissue trophism, relieve swelling and strengthen the vascular wall. Varicose veins of the lower extremities, photos and reviews of ointments can be found on the drug pages of the network.
At the initial stages of the development of the disease, the use of various ointments can improve the condition of the venous system and slow down the progression of the disease, but in the end it will not be possible to defeat varicose veins of the lower extremities. The results will only be available after consulting the doctor.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - conservative treatment
It is based on the use of compression underwear, stockings, golf, tights and sometimes diets. How to treat varicose veins of the lower limbs? Medical treatment without surgery cannot be considered 100% effective when the manifestations of the disease are quite severe. If there are trophic ulcers and varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment without surgery is impossible.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - treatment: surgery or procedure?
- intravascular coagulation. Do you have varicose veins in the lower limbs? Laser treatment in Moscow is a small endovascular operation during which a vein is obliterated with a laser. You will be eliminated from varicose veins of the lower limbs, laser treatment is based on the introduction of blood flow into the desired vein. This is how varicose veins of the lower limbs are defeated. Laser treatment, which is not so expensive, takes a short time and is well tolerated by patients, and they forget that they had varicose veins of the lower extremities, laser treatment (the price in our center is affordable) is very effective. The final figure depends on the stage of the disease and the amount of work of the doctor. Do not be afraid that then the varicose veins of the lower extremities will again attack. The laser treatment (the opinions are very numerous! ) will put you on your feet for sure!
- Short stripping is a minimally invasive technique in which a small section of the affected main vein is removed. Thus, it is possible to save as many healthy parts of the veins as possible.
- Cryophlebectomy - removal of a vein using a cryoprobe. The operation is less traumatic - however, a small incision is made to insert the probe. After the operation, you immediately see the results.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - radiofrequency treatment
How to eliminate varicose veins of the lower limbs? RFA treatment is of particular interest to patients. Why do many people dream of eliminating varicose veins of the lower extremities, do they prefer RFO treatment?
Radiofrequency ablation (RFA) is an operation that can be performed on an outpatient basis if you want to forget about varicose veins in the lower limbs. RFA treatment in Moscow uses radiofrequency, which is used to "weld" a vein and eliminate varicose veins in the lower extremities. RFO processing in Moscow is fast and efficient.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - treatment with sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy is a method of treatment in which a special substance is injected into the affected vein, which causes its sclerosis.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs - treatment with sclerotherapy
Sclerotherapy can be added to any procedure on the veins. The procedure is virtually painless and is performed on an outpatient basis.
Phlebectomy is a traditional operation to remove affected veins from the lower limbs. It is performed in a hospital setting by vascular or general surgeons to finally eliminate varicose veins in the lower limbs. Treatment after surgery consists of long-term painkillers, antibiotics, and compression therapy.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs. What to treat?
Each method of treatment has its indications and contraindications. To choose the best method, you need to consult a doctor, he will assess your varicose veins of the lower extremities, how to cure - he will also tell you.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs, home treatment
Along with surgical treatment, there are auxiliary methods that can slightly eliminate varicose veins of the lower extremities. Treatment with folk remedies that can be done at home.
Attention - varicose veins of the lower limbs
Treatment with folk methods (the prices of herbs and creams differ), but still do not put too much hope in a green pharmacy.
It is important to pay attention to nutrition if there are varicose veins of the lower extremities, treatment with folk methods, the price of which is a penny. It is necessary to limit the consumption of meat, spicy, salty and smoked foods, to increase the amount of vegetables and fruits in the diet and to exclude alcohol and coffee.
The optimal daily routine and therapeutic exercises will help improve blood circulation in the limbs. It will take 10-15 minutes a day.
Simple folk methods of treatment can complete the complex of measures for the treatment of varicose veins. Rubbing your feet with horse chestnut tincture, apple cider vinegar, garlic butter and many other remedies have been known since ancient times. They will relieve varicose veins of the lower extremities, the cost, photos and results can be viewed on our website on the Internet.
Varicose veins of the lower extremities - prevention
For prevention, it is first of all necessary to observe the work regime. You cannot constantly stand or sit in one position. From time to time it is worth taking short breaks to rest your legs.
After a hard day's work, you can do a foot massage, after which it is advisable to put your feet on a platform. This improves the flow of blood from the limbs.
You can not get involved in a hot bath and sauna. For the prevention of varicose veins, it is much more useful to take a contrast shower and rinse your legs with cold water.
It is important to watch your weight. Excess weight increases the load on the venous system and contributes to the development of the disease.
If there is a predisposition to the development of the disease, and it is not possible to exclude all risk factors, it is better to engage in prevention. Even if the disease has already begun, do not despair. Varicose veins of the lower limbs is not a sentence. With timely detection of the problem and contacting specialists, you can get rid of the disease and avoid serious complications.
Frequently asked questions from patients about varicose veins of the lower extremities
Are varicose veins of the lower limbs dangerous during pregnancy?
Varicose veins of the lower limbs during pregnancy carry certain risks of developing thromboembolic complications. It is therefore necessary to contact a phlebologist and follow his recommendations.
I have had varicose veins in the lower extremities for a long time, which operation is better to do?
If you have varicose veins in the lower limbs, modern minimally invasive surgery will be optimal. The best today are thermal obliteration techniques (laser and radio frequency).
I have been diagnosed with varicose veins in the lower limbs, how is the operation carried out?
You have been diagnosed with varicose veins in the lower limbs and therefore an operation is indicated. In our country, there is no single approach to the choice of surgical treatment. There is a classic and obsolete technique of phlebectomy, with incisions and anesthesia. This operation is usually done in public hospitals. In specialized phlebological centers, innovative techniques are used through puncture accesses (punctures). These operations are performed on an outpatient basis, under local anesthesia, without incisions or pain.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs, what is it?
Varicose veins of the lower extremities are a chronic progressive disease, manifested by pathological expansion of venous vessels, disruption of the normal functioning of the valves of the veins, which negatively affects blood flow. This condition often develops in people whose work and lifestyle is associated with a prolonged static load.
Varicose veins of the lower limbs, which treatment to use?
When establishing the diagnosis: varicose veins of the lower extremities, a fairly diverse treatment is used. The conservative approach has many supporters, both among patients and among doctors. But you should immediately clarify that the treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities can not be only conservative. Modern treatment of varicose veins involves the use of innovative techniques that radically eliminate pathology.