Varicose veins on the legs is one of the most common types of varicose veins. This is due to the large loads on the legs, because what disturbed the normal outflow of blood, and the walls of the veins weaken.
If you want to know how to treat varicose veins on the legs, it is necessary to turn to the phlebologist. The physician selects the optimal treatment option, which is dependent on the stage of the disease and clinical manifestations.
Treatment of varicose veins on the legs by conservative methods
In the early stages of the disease, when damage to the superficial veins it is possible to use drugs local action – ointments and creams at a deeper defeat – tablets or injectable drugs.
How to treat varicose veins on the legs by conservative methods? Usually use of medical drugs and compression stockings.
A compression stocking is prescribed to alleviate the symptoms of the symptoms of the disease and maintain the walls of blood vessels. Compression underwear for varicose veins is different: stockings, socks, tights. View of compression of the knitted fabric picks up the doctor, how and the degree of desired compression.
This lingerie can relieve swelling and pain in varicose veins, but also reduce the risk of complications and the rate of progression of the disease. The pressure of the knitted fabric creates a graduated pressure which decreases from the ankle to the hip.
The degree of compression or by compression determines the importance of a therapeutic effect. When the initial symptoms of the disease or for the prevention of varicose veins prescribe lingerie class 1 compression, when expressed signs of illness – 2 and 3 class, in more advanced cases, when severe varicose veins and the development of venous lesions using the pressure knitted fabric 4 class. Also, this underwear is recommended to wear after operations on the veins.
The main conservative method of treatment of varicose veins is the designation of the drugs – ointments, creams and pills for oral. Also, the use of intramuscular and intravenous administration of drugs from varicose veins.
The main group of medicines for the treatment of varicose veins are medicines that increase the elasticity of the vascular walls of blood vessels and their tone. They are also used drugs with substances that thins the blood – it improves blood flow and reduces the risk of blood clots.
Minimally invasive methods of treatment of varicose veins
Modern medicine has a high performance and almost without injury methods, how to get rid of the disease. How to treat varicose veins on the legs in women and men, if tablets and ointments do not help?
- Sclerotherapy – the essence of the method lies in the introduction of the problem the container is a special substance that "holds together" the enlarged veins. This method of treatment is used when the diameter of the dilated veins up to 10 mm.
- Laser ablation – to treat the used laser radiation. Through the veins of the stretched laser light pipes, which burns and seals the container. The procedure is carried out in laboratory conditions.
- Radiofrequency ablation – a minimally invasive method of treating varicose veins, in which the container is applied radio frequency catheter and dilated veins removed.
Not always it is possible to perform these procedures on varicose veins. Only the competent doctor can determine how to treat varicose veins on the legs in men and women, which methods that you can use to achieve positive results.
Surgical methods of treatment of varicose veins on the legs
The essence of the operation consists in removal of the expanded veins through a small incision in the skin. The procedure is performed using a special hook, which depict the problem veins and removing it. The recovery period lasts from 3 to 5 days.
This operation, called open surgery of the lower limbs. Such an operation is performed under general anesthesia and is the most traumatic. They apply this method, if you can't make more sparing treatment or have contraindications.
How to treat varicose veins on legs at home
Home treatment includes different exercises, in varicose veins, the supervision of the nutrition and way of life, the use of folk remedies.
Home treatment for varicose veins may be just another method, it helps you to reduce feelings of pain and swelling. It cannot be assumed the treatment of varicose veins folk remedies is the only right way, how to get rid of the disease.
When varicose veins useful moderate exercise, the alternation of activity and rest, as well as the performance of special exercises, which help strengthen blood vessels.
The diet should include foods that strengthen blood vessels: black currant, cabbage, grapes, onions, chokeberry, seafood. Necessarily need to drink a lot of fluids, that the blood was less viscous.
Untimely appeal to the doctor and ignoring the official treatment can lead to worsening of the disease and development of complications.
It is worth it to limit eating fatty, fried, smoked and salty foods, canned goods and semi-finished products.
As folk remedies use tinctures, compresses, baths and decoctions for ingestion. It is useful in varicose veins of the cones of hops, nettles, leaves of kalanchoe, hypericum, chamomile, horse chestnut, that of yarrow, wormwood and other herbs and plants.