Treatment of varicose veins (varicose veins)

Under varicose veins, or varicose veins, they assume the disease process, which leads to excess blood filling the venous bloodstream. While this narrows the venous wall with the appearance of the excessive ripple and the formation of specific nodes, or bumps on the road of vienna.

What appear to the general principles of treatment of varicose veins?

varicose veins

This process can hit a vein of various localization – the esophagus, hemorrhoids, vienna seed of the cable. But most often, this pathology develops in the veins of the lower extremities.

This is due to the characteristics of the construction and functioning of the veins in this anatomical area. This is the reason of the lower extremities, especially the lower extremities, occurs, the maximum static and dynamic loads.

When this outflow of venous blood goes in the uplink direction, against the forces of gravity. This is achieved through its work the chest, the pumping function of the heart, tension muscle, the diaphragm, the lower limbs, and also by the presence of specific smooth muscle bodies – living Gov. valves. These valves prevent reverse flow of venous blood.

The veins of the lower extremities are presented to the surface and the deep venous network. Under the influence of various provoking factors (overweight, disorders of the endocrine, the "upright" nature of the job, pregnancy) develops the failure of the Gov. the valves, leading to the overflow of the deep veins blood.

The excess of blood from the deep veins discharged to the surface. As a result, the superficial veins also overflow with blood, their walls are stretched, the length increases, in result of which appears pathological disease with the presence of specific nodes. So is varicose disease.

Treatment of varicose disease is focused on:

  • The strengthening of the venous walls
  • Improve the condition of the Gov. valves
  • The removal of local inflammatory manifestations in the form of eczema and dermatitis
  • The improvement of venous blood microcirculation of blood in the lower extremities
  • Strengthening the muscles of the lower limb
  • Prevention of complications of varicose disease – thrombosis of the veins, venous ulcers and thromboembolism of the pulmonary artery

Types of treatment


The use of drugs in the treatment of varicose veins occupies a leading place in the conservative therapy of varicose veins. The main emphasis in drug treatment is given to the medication group, strengthening of the venous wall.

No less effective extract from the fruit of the horse chestnut. Among the drugs for the treatment of varicose veins, an important role is played by vitamins. One of them, vit. P (rutin) strengthens the vascular walls.

In tablets vitamin P is located in a complex with ascorbic acid (vit. S).

In general, treatment of treatment of varicose veins should be combined, and combine the preparations for injection, for indoor and outdoor use. Among the last group to use ointments and gels with no steroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDS). In addition to relieving inflammation, nsaids reduce the risk of thrombosis, it is also important in the varicose veins.

Compression therapy

During the compression (squeezing) of the vein occurs a narrowing of their lumen. In this accelerating stream of venous blood, eliminates the stagnant phenomena in the superficial veins.

The simplest kind of compression – tight bandaging elastic bandage, which is carried out of the reasons of the fingers of the stop with the transition to the foot, lower leg and thigh.

While it is important that the minute the bandage was straight, and every other wheel blocked at least 2/3 of the previous one. Recently, from elastic bandaging gradually refuse. The point is, that appeared more than efficient, convenient and aesthetic accessories in the form of a specially made stockings, socks, and even high boots.


Between the physical processes for the treatment of varicose veins shows:

  • darsonvalization,
  • magnetic therapy,
  • electrophoresis,
  • phonophoresis,
  • UHF,
  • muscle electro-stimulation.

In the course of these practices strengthens the muscles of the lower extremities, vascular of the vein wall, improves the work Gov. valves. However, these methods are contraindicated in cases where varicose veins is accompanied by significant pain. It cannot be used even with other pathological skin processes, in such hours and in venous leg ulcers.

The physiotherapy methods can be attributed, and medical (oxygen, mineral) baths, as well as stay on the mud baths.

Physical therapy

treatment of varicose veins

LTV -Therapeutic physical culture. The dosage of the exercises are accompanied by a strengthening of the muscles of the lower limbs, improve the work of the Gov. valve is, in turn, facilitates venous outflow.

Between the workout – lifting and bending the legs at the knees, the contradictions with socks on the heels. Effective jogging, exercises in the pool.

Therapeutic physical training is not shown in the thrombotic complications of varicose veins. Also is not desirable, jumping, skiing, team sports and the lessons of strength training.

Folk remedies

Perhaps for all kinds of treatment of traditional medicine offers the most rich arsenal of means for treatment of varicose veins.

Basically it's a herb used in the form of tinctures, decoctions, compresses. In this function use a horsetail field, celandine, hops, nettle.

In folk recipes for the treatment of varicose veins in great demand and some of the food – potatoes, honey, vinegar, apple cider, vegetable and creamy oil.

It should be noted that folk remedies for the treatment of varicose veins is to be considered only as a supplement to the acceptable methods. However, to completely ignore this kind of treatment is not necessary.

Some of the folk remedies, such as horse chestnut, found a decent application in the manufacture of modern drugs for the treatment of varicose veins.


One more nontraditional way of treatment by leeches. Contained in the saliva of leeches substance reduces blood clotting, and thus prevents thrombosis in the veins. The substance also has anti-inflammatory effect.

In addition, when cleaning of the blood leeches falling, improve blood circulation in the veins. It should be noted that for hirudotherapy uses only disposable medical leeches, not representing a danger in terms of infectious complications.


The classic method of surgical treatment of varicose veins of the legs, which involves the removal of the extended sections of the surface of the subcutaneous veins.

Although trauma surgery favorable, recourse to it only in extreme cases running varicose veins, if the above conservative methods are ineffective.


A relatively new method of treatment of varicose veins of the lower extremities. Its essence lies in the fact that in the varicose dilated veins of is a special substance.

Under the influence of this substance, the walls of the varicose dilated veins glued together, and its height is reduced.

As a result, on the site of the vein formed a painless strand. To achieve the result you need several introductions of a special substance.

This method of treatment requires the experience and skill of the doctor who performs it. Similar to sclerotherapy effect is achieved with laser coagulation. In this case, the bonding of the veins occurs by the action of the laser beam.

In the treatment of varicose disease is almost never used, only any one of the above methods. For example, therapeutic physical training must be combined with drug treatment and physical procedures.

And after sclerotherapy without exception, should be to use the compression means. In any case, the methods of treatment of varicose veins and their sequence must be determined by a physician – a narrow specialist, engaged in treatment of venous pathology.